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ISSN 2229-5356
Impact Factor 2012 = 0.47
Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing
copyright 2011 IAHRW . All Rights Reserved
Volume - 6 (2015), Issue - 6
Editor - Sunil Saini, PhD
About this Journal

Risk beliefs and sensation seeking as correlate of HIV risk behaviour across gender and locale
Page 541-547
Priyanka Shukla, Shree Ramswaroop Memorial University Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh and Madhurima Pradhan Department of Psychology Lucknow University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

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The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that causes AIDS has generated a global epidemic that far exceeds what was predicted even a decade ago. HIV among young people has become a major health problem in recent decades. Young people aged 1524 accounted for about 42 per cent of new adult HIV infections in 2010, and 5 million (4.4 million5.9 million) young men and women are currently living with HIV (UNAIDS, 2012). NFHS III data (2005-06) shows that now HIV/AIDS is not the problem of urban society only but it is spreading in rural areas as well. Recent studies of sexual, drug and alcohol outcome expectancies suggest that the risk beliefs and sensation seeking play a critical role to maintain the high risk behaviors. This paper attempts to assess HIV risk behavior, risk beliefs and sensation seeking of young adults and also to explore the relationship between risk beliefs and sensation seeking with HIV risk behaviours across gender and locale. Sample of the present study included 200 young adults (100 urban and 100 rural) comprising of 50 males and 50 females for each group between the age range of 19-26 years. To assess the participants HIV risk behaviors and risk beliefs, checklists were developed by the researchers on the basis of HIV/AIDS related literature and opinion of experts. To assess the Sensation seeking of the respondents, the Sensation seeking scale V originally developed by Zuckerman and his associates (1980) and standardized on Indian Population by Basu et al. (1993) was used to measure sensation seeking. The findings of the present study reveal that male respondents are higher in HIV risk behavior, risk beliefs and sensation seeking than female respondents and urban young adults are significantly higher in HIV risk behaviors and risk beliefs than rural young adults. In terms of Sensation Seeking, there is significant mean difference between Urban Males and Rural Male respondents except TAS subscale. And lastly, Urban Females are significantly higher in
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Psychological distress in relation to quality of life and pain beliefs in head and neck cancer patients
Page 548-552
Laxmi Shekhawat and Pererna Puri nee Kumar Department of Psychology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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High levels of psychological distress are a concern regarding patients with head and neck cancer. Early detection and intervention for such distress are needed to predict patients' adaptation to treatment or rehabilitation, but few studies have investigated the detection of their distress in a patient population of significant size. In cancer patients, pain is said to be one of the most feared and distressing symptoms and one that disrupts all aspects of life. The purposes of this study were: 1) to assess the psychological distress, quality of life and pain belief in head and neck cancer patients 2) to determine the relationships among psychological distress ,quality of life and pain belief in head and neck cancer patients. A purposive sample of head and neck cancer patients attending to large Cancer Hospital in Jaipur (Rajasthan) were taken for the present study. Three standard instruments were used to measure quality of life (FACIT H&N), depression and Anxiety (the HADS) and pain beliefs (the PBPI). A total of 148 head and neck cancer patients, participated in the study. The main findings of this study were that cancer patients with pain reported significantly lower levels of role functioning, emotional functioning and global quality of life. A higher level of depression was found in head and neck cancer patients. Among patients with pain, higher scores on self blame, pain belief and pain consistency belief were positively and significantly associated with higher depression. This study has demonstrated the effect of psychological distress on patients' quality of life and emotional status and pain beliefs and has supported the multidimensional notion of the cancer pain experience in cancer patients. Although these data are correlational, they provide additional support for a biopsychosocial model of chronic pain.
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Study habits and attitudes of school children
Page 553-557
Priya. M and Carolyne Dariti Dkhar Department of Human Development, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore

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The quality of a nation depends upon the quality of its citizens. The quality of citizens depends on the quality of their education, study habits and study attitudes of the learners. Quality of education is reflected through academic achievement which is a function of study habits and study attitude of the students. Thus to enhance the quality of education, it is necessary to improve the study habits and study attitudes of the students. To improve study habits and attitudes, and those factors are needed to be identified which affect these characteristics adversely (Ch.Hussain Abid, 2006). The present study has focused on to assess the level of study habits among school students, such as private and government schools of Coimbatore city with the age group of 13-18 years through random sampling with total number of 160 students. Tests of Study Habits and Attitudes (TSHA) by Mathur. The present study measures the study habits and attitudes in 9 areas which includes attitudes towards teachers, home environment, attitude towards education, study habits, mental conflict, concentration, home assignment, self confidence, views on examination. The samples were subjected to percentile scoring and chi square. The results found that majority of the boys are poor in their study habits compared to girls. Private school students are better in their study habits rather than government school students. Regarding class wise, it has been observed that 8th standard students are better in study habits and attitudes compared to 9th and 10 standard students and it indicates that 9th and 10th standard students need more direction towards education and counseling for improving their skills. Organized Counseling programs are necessary for the students to build up their good study habits .The students need more direction and counseling with regard to study habits so that the students may recognize their strengths and weakness in the education strategies and they may become more aware about be
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A study of emotional intelligence and facial emotional labeling among patients with remitted bipolar disorder, first degree relatives and normal controls
Page 558-562
Nandha Kumara Pujam Department of Clinical Psychology, SRM Medical College & Hospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu and Vinod Kumar Sinha and Sai Krishna Tikka Department of Psychiatry Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, Jharkhand

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Bipolar disorder characterized by abnormalities in recognizing the emotions in facial expression and display deficits on performance measures of emotional intelligence. The present study aimed to examine the facial emotion labeling and emotional intelligence in remitted bipolar disorder and their first degree relatives, which can provide evidence for the presence of genetic component in bipolar disorder. This was a cross sectional hospital based study done at Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi and purposive sampling was used. The sample consisted of 30 patients with bipolar disorder according to ICD-10 DCR and 30 sex matched first degree relatives of BPAD patients and 30 sex matched normal controls from the community (Matched with patient group). After taking informed consent from the three group socio demographic and clinical data sheet, General Health Questionnaire-12, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Young Mania Rating Scale, Facial Recognition Task, Baron Emotional Quotient Inventory were administered. Data was analyzed with the help of discrete and continuous variables. Chi square test was used for comparing categorical variables and student t- test for continuous variables. Pearson's correlation analysis was used for finding out the correlations between variables. Results showed patient with euthymic bipolar disorder have significant facial emotional labeling deficit and impaired emotional intelligence. These deficits may be considered as an endophenotype of the disease since they are present in euthymic bipolar patients and also in the unaffected relative of bipolar patients.
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Development of a scale to measure stress of college students
Page 563-567
Namita Mishra, Department of Psychology Sarala Mahavidyalaya, Rahama and Pratap K. Rath Department of Psychology Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar

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This paper reports a study designed to develop a scale tomeasure stress of college students. Because of concerns regarding the absence of a suitable measure to study the stress of college students in Indian context, a scale is developed in a regional language. The items of the scale were generated by involving and interviewing the students themselves. Items from different domains of life were selected and a prototype testing was made after which it was administered to a sample of 74 fresher in the college with an average age of16.27 years with a SD of 0.32 years. Score variability of the items was used to select the final items of the scale. The psychometric properties of the scale were determined. The test-retest reliability of the scale was quite high i.e. r= 0.74. The concurrent validity of the scale (when related with the perceived quality of life scale) was also high (r=0.67).
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Parenting as a resource factor for academic stress
Page 568-574
Kirti Madnani and Madhurima Pradhan Department of Psychology, Lucknow University, Luchnow, Uttar Pradesh

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Academic stress has emerged as one of the probable reasons causing mental health problems among adolescents in recent years. Positive parenting practices may act as a resource to meet out academic stress of adolescents by developing self-efficacy, self confidence, optimism and hope among them. This paper identifies the role of parenting in reducing the academic stress of senior secondary students. The sample comprises of 220 twelfth class students from private schools of Lucknow and Kanpur cities of Uttar Pradesh. Parenting scale by Bharadwaj, Sharma and Garg (1998) was used to assess student's perceived parenting on eight dimensions. Academic stress was measured with the help of academic stress scale developed by the researchers having 46 items and adequate reliability and validity. Results of descriptive statistics indicate that students perceived their parents positively. All the dimensions of parenting as well as overall parenting have been found to be significantly and negatively correlated with academic stress. Results of stepwise multiple regression analysis reveal that two dimensions of parenting i.e. utopian expectation vs. realism and lenient standard vs. moralism predicted academic stress significantly. In addition, no significant difference in the level of academic stress was found across gender.
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Effect of resilience on well-being of Kashmiri pandit migrants
Page 574-579
Meenakshi Chouhan and Sunita Gupta, Department of Psychology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab

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The purpose of the present study was to find out the effect of resilience on well-being of Kashmiri Pandit migrants. A sample of 88 (44 males and 44 females) Kashmiri Pandit migrants in the age group of 35 - 45 yrs, was derived from Jammu migrant camps through incidental sampling. The participants were assessed with Friedman well-being scale and 14-item resilience scale and they were classified as high or low scorers on resilience. A 22 ANOVA was used for the analysis of data. The results revealed that the migrants having higher scores on resilience had greater emotional stability, joviality, happiness, self-esteem, sociability and total well-being than the low scorers. Gender significantly affected the three components of well-being (joviality, happiness and sociability) but had no significant effect on emotional stability and self-esteem components as well as the total well-being scores. The interactive effects of gender and resilience for all components of well-being as well as the total well-being scores were statistically nonsignificant.
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Health locus of control as correlate of health promoting behaviors
Page 580-584
Sangeeta, Shobhana and Sandeep Singh Rana Department of Applied Psychology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar, Haryana

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The purpose of the present study entitled 'health locus of control as correlate of health promoting behaviors' is to analyze how health locus of control affects the health promoting behaviors across both the genders. The present study was conducted on a sample of 200 college students (100 male and 100 female) having age range of 18 to 25 years. Multidimensional health locus of control scale by Kenneth wallston et al. (1978) and health promoting life style profile II by Walker et al. (1987) were used to assess the health locus of control and health promoting behaviors. Significant gender differences have been observed on health promoting behaviors, nutrition, and powerful others. It has been observed in the findings that internal health locus of control health has significant and positive correlation with health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations and stress management. The findings depict that the people having internal health locus of control take more responsibility for their health. It was also found in the study that person who scored high on chance, one of the dimension of health locus of control have poor health habits because they depend only on chance and luck factors.
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The changing conception of meaning of life among Indian working class: An examination of effect of marital status on meaning of life
Page 585-589
Hansika Singhal and Renu Rastogi, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Roorkee, Uttarakhand

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The present study was an attempt to examine the construct of Meaning of life among married and unmarried corporate working employees. The sample consisted of 100 subjects, subdivided equally into two groups G1 (married employees) and G2 (unmarried employees) all working in the corporate sector. Content analysis has been done to understand the concept of meaning of life of the participants. Content analysis revealed that there were five broad categories of the sources of meaning of life for the participants namely family, recreational, social, sexual and spiritual. Further, frequency analysis revealed that 96% of the married and 42% of the unmarried employees derived their meaning of life from their Family domain and 48% of the married and 70% of the unmarried employees derived their meaning of life from the Recreational domain.
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A study of information processing among patients with schizophrenia
Page 590-593
Varun Kumar, Aditi Priya, Swati Srivastava, Rahul Singh and Richa Ojha, Post Graduate Institute of Behavioural and Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarhs and Ashok Parasar Ankur Rehab Center, Dharmpuri, Indore, M.P.

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Schizophrenia is the most persistent and disabling of the major illnesses. It affects approximately one in 100 people worldwide, affecting men and women almost equally. Information Processing in Rorschach Inkblot Test constitutes one of the clusters containing the cognitive activities of a person. Processing involves scanning a stimulus field and creating images of the field or its parts in Short Term Memory. Due to the disabling nature of the illness, patients with schizophrenia have difficulty in processing their stimulus field in an appropriate manner. Many elements like motivation, issues of economy, achievement needs, defensiveness, pre-established sets or preconceived attitudes, and so on, can influence processing strategies in a given situation. Very limited researches have been done on the information processing of schizophrenia patients with the help of Rorschach Inkblot Test. So this research will be an attempt on this path. To assess the information processing of patients with schizophrenia. 30 patients, diagnosed as having schizophrenia as per ICD-10 (DCR) were selected purposively for the study from the IPD and OPD of PGIBAMS, Raipur, as per their inclusion and exclusion criteria. For this purpose, Rorschach Inkblot Test was used. Scoring and interpretation of the tools was done according to Exner Comprehensive System. In this study 60% patients shown poor organizational activity in term of Zf (Organizational activity), 23.3% patients have under incorporative form of scanning activity in term of Zd (Processing efficiency), 76.7% patients further dealing with W: D: Dd (Ratio of location), it suggest that they have investing more effort than expected in processing the information, W:M (Aspirational ratio) provides less direct information about processing effort. 70% of patients show W responses to be greater than M, this tendency increases the probability of failure to achieve the objectives and the consequent impacts of those failures often produce fru
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Study of anxiety and well-being among arts and science college students
Page 594-597
Krishna Sharma, Department of Psychology St. Joseph's College for Women, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh and P.S.N. Tiwari Department of Psychology D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh

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The aim of the present study was to examine the anxiety and well-being among college students. The sample consists of 80 college students, in which 40 students belonging to arts background and 40 students were science background. Anxiety measure developed by investigator (2014) and well-being measure developed by Nagpal and Sel (1978) were used. The data was analyzed using mean, SD & t-test. The findings of the study suggested that arts and science students were significantly differ on anxiety and well-being. Results also showed that the dimension of well-being namely mental mastery over self and environment & density of social life were significantly differ among arts and science students. The implications of the findings have been discussed.
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Aggression in relation to school environment
Page 598-601
Ranjana and Kriti Hans Department of Psychology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana

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The present study examined the influence of school environment on the development of aggression. Participants were three hundred school students aged 14-16 years drawn from various private schools in Haryana in the year of 2013-14. Tools used for data collection were the (1) School Environment Inventory, (2) Aggression Questionnaire, chosen after a comprehensive review of related literature. Subjects were contacted in groups and data was collected. The responses were scored and statistically analyzed. Pearson's correlations were computed. Results obtained, confirmed the associations expected among the variables. Results indicated that rejection in school correlated positively and significantly with physical Aggression, Verbal Aggression, Anger, Hostility and Indirect Aggression. Acceptance dimension correlated positively and significantly with Physical Aggression and Indirect Aggression whereas Cognitive Encouragement in school was found to correlate negatively and significantly with Physical Aggression. Overall, our findings suggested that a positive school environment seems to be a stronger protective factor in the development of problems of behaviour at school.
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Psyche of physically challenged and non-physically challenged adolescents
Page 602-605
Ajay Kumar Chaudhary Department of Psychology, Government Meera Girls College, Udaipur, Rajasthan

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Adolescence presents many developmental tasks to negotiate. The establishment of intimacy and the capacity for friendship, the movement toward peers, toward independence, becoming autonomous from parents and forming a personal identity are but a few examples. For a physically disabled youth who cannot venture far from care-taking adults, adolescence can be a disaster. Unrealistic academic, social, or family expectations can create a strong sense of rejection and can lead to deep disappointment. When things go wrong at school or at home, teens often overreact. Many young people feel that life is not fair or that things “never go their way”. They feel “stressed out” and confused. The study of psychological state of such Physically Challenged and Non-Physically Challenged adolescents is the main aim of the present paper. The sample of thirty Physically Challenged and thirty Non-Physically Challenged adolescents were selected from Udaipur city of Rajasthan. The Eight State Questionnaire by Cattell adapted by Kapoor and Bhargava is used for determining psychological state of Physically Challenged and Non-physically Challenged. The results are interpreted with a vision to understand the psychological state of Physically Challenged and Non-Physically Challenged adolescents in terms of anxiety, stress, depression, regression, guilt, fatigue, extraversion and arousal state. It was found that Physically Challenged adolescents have more anxiety, stress, fatigue and arousal than Non-Physically Challenged adolescents. While, non- Physically Challenged adolescents have more depression, guilt and extraversion. The paper is a step to understand the psyche of Physically Challenged and Non-Physically Challenged adolescents and to suggest need based intervention program (based on counseling) to be used for all members of society. The paper also throws light for making Physically Challenged adolescents empowered so that they pave a path for progressive nation.
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Psychosocial impact of skin diseases: A gender based comparative study
Page 606-609
Priyanka Jain and Sushila Pareek Department of Psychology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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People face wide spectrum of diseases and problems in their lives but ones which are visible to the world can be particularly stressful. When considering the impact of skin disease, many people fail to realize just how important the psychological aspects can be. Skin disease is often considered to be 'only cosmetic' by many medical professionals and lay-people alike, but unlike most internal illnesses, skin disease is often immediately visible to others. The purpose of this research was to compare males and females suffering from acne, alopecia areata (AA) and melanosis on perceived stress, optimism and social appearance anxiety. The study included 120 skin patients ages ranged from 15 to 25 yrs. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) and Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) were administered to both males and females with acne, AA and melanosis. Analytical evaluation was done by ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis tests. The results of the present study revealed that females with skin diseases scored higher on perceived stress and social appearance anxiety as compared to the males. With regard to optimism, males were found to be slightly more optimistic than females. This study proposes a framework for gender sensitive research in the field of psychodermatology and is an attempt to increase awareness regarding the difficulties that patients with skin diseases can face. A more holistic approach towards the treatment of skin disorders is likely to come into shape with the inclusion of psychotherapy along with medical treatment and thus reflects the seriousness of the problem which needs to be attended to in a more comprehensive manner.
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A study of gender differences on posttraumatic growth in college students of Kashmir
Page 610-612
Sadaf Anjum and Shahina Maqbool, Department of Psychology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

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Post-traumatic Growth is the positive psychological change experienced as a result of a struggle with challenging life circumstances that represent significant challenges to the adaptive resources of the individual and/or an individual's way of understanding the world and one's their place in it. It is an experience of improvement that for some is deeply profound (Tedeschi & Calhoun,1996). In kashmir every individual is traumatized and still they perceived posttraumatic growth in all factors of life. The main aim of the present research is to assess the level of posttraumatic growth in Kashmiri male and female youths between the age group of 18 -21 years. Posttraumatic growth inventory developed by Tedeschi and Calhoun (1996) was administered on 50 males and 50 female students. Results revealed that significant difference was found on overall score of PTGI on male and female youth of Kashmir.
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A comparative study of parent-child relationship and academic achivement among male and female adolescents
Page 613-615
N. D. Mangore, Department of Psychology, Shripatrao Chougule Arts & Commerce College, Malwadi Kotoli, Kolhapur, Maharashtra and R. K. Adsul Department of Psychology, Smt. Mathubai Garware Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Sangli, Maharashtra

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This study is conducted to find out the difference between male and female adolescents on Parent-Child-Relationship and Academic Achievement. 60 students were selected by random sampling method, who were studying in first year class of Arts, Commerce and Science faculties in Satara District from Maharashtra state. The Parent-Child-Relationship is measured by Bharadwaj, Sharma and Garg's Parenting Scale Inventory. Marks obtained in 12th std. were taken from their college record and these marks are considered as their academic achievement. The result indicates that there is no significant difference between male and female adolescents on parent-child relationship and academic achievement.
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A comparative study of home environment and adjustment among adolescents: Gender differences
Page 616-618
Sujata Paul, Department of Psychology, M.D. University, Rohtak, Haryana

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The present study was aimed at investigating the home environment and adjustment among adolescents. The sample consisted of 100 boys and girls school students out of which 50 were boys and 50 were girls students. For this purpose of investigation “Adjustment Inventory” by H.S. Asthana and “ Home Enviornment Inventory “ by Mishra was used. The obtained data were analyzed through' t' test to know the mean difference between boys and girls school students. The data so collected was analyzed using statistical measures of Mean, Standard deviation and t- test. The findings of the present study revealed that there exist significant differences between the male and female adolescents on home environment and adjustment.
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A cross sectional study to assess the knowledge, attitude and perception of HIV/AIDS among married women in rural area
Page 619-621
Sunil Kumar S. Biradar, Department of Forensic Medicine Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences Hubballi, Karnataka, Smitha, M. Department of Anatomy Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences Hubballi, Karnataka and Mallikarjun Biradar Department of Community Medicine Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences Mandya, Karnataka

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Stigma and discrimination, particularly in access to healthcare, remains a major problem for people infected with HIV in most part of India. Pregnant women are much receptive on health matters. 1) To assess their knowledge, attitude and perception regarding HIV/AIDS 2) To know the association between socio-demographic factors with knowledge, attitude and practice of married women about HIV/AIDS. The present community based cross sectional study was conducted in rural health training centre, Ukkali, under the Department of Community Medicine, BLDE University's Shri B.M.Patil Medical College Vijayapura. A total of 1182 Married Women, aged between 15 45 years were interviewed. Pretested, pre designed questionnaire was administered to them. Data was compiled, tabulated and analyzed using Percentages. Chi square test was used to find association. Among the study population 81.3% heard about HIV/AIDS. 30.2% of the study participant were in the age group of 21-25 years. 29.3% participants were illiterate and Among literate participants (70.7%), majorities (47.1%) were studied up to secondary school, Majority of the pregnant women 40% belonged to Class IV. Statistically significant association was observed between the age of married women, parity and literacy status of pregnant women with HIV/AIDS. There is a need for more information directly and indirectly through consistent awareness program among married women residing in rural areas. Since awareness is the only key to the prevention of HIV/AIDS, there is an urgent need to increase the awareness about HIV/ AIDS, especially among the low socio economic, illiterate people of the community using all methods of mass media and intensive information, education and communication (IEC) activities by use of local folk media.
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The effect of preoperative anxiety on post operative pain
Page 622-624
Sanjeev Kumar Department of Anaesthesiology, SGT Medical College, Budhera Gurgaon, Haryana

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There is an increasing number of patients undergoing surgery. However postoperative pain is considered to be an important factor delaying the discharge of the patients, with preoperative anxiety being considered as an important factor correlated with post operative pain. The present study was conducted to find out the correlation between preoperative anxiety and postoperative pain. 80 female subjects undergoing hysterectomy were divided into 3 groups based on preoperative anxiety. Pain perception was assessed using VAS at 5hrs and 8hrs after surgery. The present study established that higher preoperative anxiety was positively correlated with increased post operative pain. Thus prediction of post operative pain based on preoperative anxiety level require better tailored preoperative counseling and perioperative management improving patient outcome.
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Impact of teens and parent relation on various personality factor of high school students
Page 625-627
Suryawanshi Manikrao Shivaji, Department of Psychology, P.V.P. Mahavidyalaya Kavathe Mahankal, Sangli, Maharashtra and R. K. Adsul Department of Psychology, Smt. Mathubai Garware Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Sangli,Maharashtra

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Present study was conducted to see the impact of teens and parent relation on various personality factor of high school students. Researcher randomly selected sample of IX & Xth Class 14 to 16 years old students from various places Kavathe Mahankal, Jath and Tasgaon Tehsil in Maharashtra State. Dr. GovindTiwari's Parent-Child Relations Questionnaire and Kapoor & Srivastava's H.S.P. Questionnaire has been used for collection of data. Data was analyied by mean, S.D. and ANOVA. The conclusions observed that students who experienced positive teens and parent relations exhibited higher personality factor i.e. self-sufficiency than students who experienced negative teens and parent relations. Personality factors i.e. tense and dependency exhibited highly by high school students who experience positive teens-parents relation than students who experience negative teens-parent relation.
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Gender difference in attitude about information and communication technology among university students
Page 628-630
Mohammad Ayoob Lone, Department of Psychology Govt. Degree College for Boys Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir, Akhtar Neyaz Bhat Department of Mass Communication Govt. Degree College for Boys Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir and Riyaz Ahmad Rather Department of Physics Govt. Degree College for Boys Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir

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This present study was conducted to provide insights regarding the possible gender differences in the male and female students at University level in term of information and communication technology use. The research was a descriptive in its nature. The objective of the study was to analyze the opportunities of access to Information and communication Technology (ICT) for male and female students at the university level. The population was the male and female students of University of Bangalore, India. The purposive sampling technique was used to gather data from the faculty of social sciences. Data were collected by administering a questionnaire based on a Likert scale. The data were tabulated, analyzed and interpreted. The percentage, mean and one way analysis of variance were applied to analyze the data. The results of the analyzed data revealed that gender differences existed regarding access to ICT among university students. Provision of necessary support for equal access to female students in ICTs through expansion of ICT infrastructure in the educational institutions particularly in universities, Computer Assisted Instructions (CAI) system and awareness about the use of ICTs is essential to overcome the identified gender inequality.
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Influence of gender and nature of family on psychological well-being among adolescents
Page 631-633
Pradeep, R. Pawar, Department of Psychology D. D. Shinde Sarkar College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra and R. K. Adsul Department of Psychology, Smt. Mathubai Garware Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Sangli, Maharashtra

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Family is vital factor in healthy psychological development. It carry significant role in wholesome psychological development. In the present study gender differences (male-female) and nature of family (joint-nuclear) taken into consideration and their influences on psychological well-being is studied. 176 higher secondary school students integrated in the study as a sample. The age of the subjects was varied from 16 to 18 yrs. They completed Psychological well-being scale by Sisodia and Choudhary. It was found that gender strongly influence on psychological well-being. The level of psychological well-being among male is higher than that of female adolescents. Nature of family (Joint and nuclear) does not play significant role in the nourishment of psychological well-being.
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Sense of coherence as a predictor of post traumatic growth
Page 634-636
Bhawana Arya and Christina Davidson, Department of Psychology, ICG-The IIS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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The aim of this study is to explore the relationship of Post traumatic Growth with Sense of Coherence. The associations between the three domains of Sense of Coherence and the five domains of Post traumatic Growth have been examined. The sample consisted of 100 trauma victims, 30 years and above. In addition to demographic questionnaire, the following measures were administered: the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC) and the Post traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). Findings suggest that Post traumatic Growth is associated with higher levels of SOC, particularly the dimension of Meaningfulness.
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Wellness and social interaction anxiety among adolescents
Page 637-639
Priyanka Vijayan, Department of Psychology Bharathiar University, Coimbatore and M. I. Joseph Department of Psychology Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit Kalady

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Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to adulthood. In preparing for adult roles, an adolescent's wellness as well as effectiveness of her/his social interaction plays a vital role. The present study was an attempt to understand how wellness and social interaction are related in adolescent's life. The participants comprised of adolescent students belonging to the age range of 15 to 20 years selected randomly from recognized educational institutions in Thrissur district of Kerala state. The tools used in the study were Social Interaction Anxiety Scale developed by Mattick and Clarke (1998) and Five Factor Wellness Inventory developed by Mayers and Sweeny (2005). The results revealed lack of age and gender differences in wellness and social interaction anxiety among the adolescents. The present study implicates that with improved wellness the social interaction anxiety of adolescents can be reduced.
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Subliminal perception: Conceptual analysis and its rampant usage in advertisements and music industry
Page 640-643
Aastha Sharma, Department of Psychology, Panjab University, Chandigarh

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'Subliminal' as the word suggests, means 'below the limen or threshold'. Subliminal Perception means perceiving a stimuli that is below the threshold of normal conscious perception. Our unconscious mind grasps things which many a times our conscious mind does not. This explains why we do not like something or someone without any evident reason. Maybe, our unconscious mind finds the stimuli unpleasant in some way that we cannot logically comprehend. This knowledge is rampantly used in advertisement and music industry in more than one ways. This paper analyses the concept of subliminal perception, how it works, and how it is being exploited in a negative manner. It also explores how it can be used positively, so that it benefits not only the corporate industry but also the society in general.
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Strategies to manage stress among youngsters
Page 644-647
Nidhi Chadha Department of Psychology, Panjab University, Chandigarh

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In today's era of multitasking and global competition, work lives mean hectic and pressured lifestyles, cause stress and even emotional burnout. All human beings do not possess the same degree of stress or pressure and the level and kind of stress constantly varies. Many a times, stress or anxiety depends on several factors such as occupation, family environment, friends, relatives, personal etc. Stress has becoming significantly with the result of dynamic social factors and changing needs of life styles. Thus, the present study explores the harmful effects of stress on our mental and physical health and provides suggestions for more effective stress management in terms of strategies that include changes in lifestyle, stress management techniques such as relaxation and exercise, and the use of music or humour as coping strategies.
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Contact Us

Sunil Saini, PhD
President, Indian Association of Health, Research & Welfare
suneil.psy@gmail.com

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