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ISSN 2229-5356
Impact Factor 2012 = 0.47
Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing
copyright 2011 IAHRW . All Rights Reserved
Volume - 5 (2014), Issue - 12
Editor - Sunil Saini
About this Journal

Study of rejected adolescents and their sociometric network
Page 1401-1406
Harmeen Basra and Amit Kumar, Dwivedi,Department of Psychology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, Sajjan Kumar, Govt. College for Women, Lakhan Majra, Rohtak, Haryana, V.V. Upmanyu, Department of Psychology, Panjab University, Chandigarh

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The current study in recognition of the importance of peer relations, examined the sociometric networks of rejected adolescents at the stage of mid-adolescence. The sample comprised of nine independent sections of school students studying in 7th to 8th grades. The nine sections were evenly distinguished across boys, girls, and co-educational schools. Partial-rank-order sociometric scale involving three positive and three negative choices was used to assess sociometric status of each student. The evidence suggests that although, popular adolescents have more tendency to form reciprocal friendship with popular adolescents, there was also sufficient evidence, though week, of reciprocal friendship between rejected and popular adolescents.
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Remediation of response inhibition deficits in intellectual disability through cognitive training: A single case study
Page 1407-1413
Abdul Majeed Bhat, Vikas Sharma and S. P. K. Jena Department of Applied Psychology, University of Delhi, Delhi

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Intellectual disability is a developmental disorder with significant limitations in general intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviour. Executive functions are adaptive, goal-directed behaviours that overthrow more automatic or established thoughts and responses (Lezak, 1995). Response inhibition is referred as the foundational component of executive functioning. Response inhibition is the ability to suppress irrelevant or interfering information or impulses. Research evidence indicates that children with intellectual disability have significant deficits in response inhibition. Recently attempts have been made to remediate deficits in response inhibition through cognitive training in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, intellectual disabilities and other clinical populations. But least attention has been paid in children with intellectual disabilities. Sinu (name changed) 13year old girl was diagnosed with mild intellectual disability. On assessment of executive functions she exhibited significant deficits in sustained attention, visuo-spatial working memory, verbal response inhibition and spatial planning. In this study attempt has been made to remediate response inhibition deficits by using cognitive training. Fifteen sessions of cognitive training were given to Sinu after the gape of two days. The cognitive training activities comprised of verbal inhibition and motor inhibition task (Henry, Messer, & Nash, 2012), cued go/no-go task (Fillmore, Rush, & Hays, 2006), stop-signal task (Verbruggen, Logan, & Stevens, 2008). Sinu's responses to cognitive training and improvements in response inhibition are discussed here in this paper.
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Forgiveness, gratitude and resilience among Indian youth
Page 1414-1419
Arun Kumar and Vidushi Dixit Defence Institute of Psychological Research, DRDO, Timarpur, Delhi

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The present study attempted to investigate and describe the relationship among forgiveness, gratitude and resilience in Indian youth. There were three main objectives of the study-(a) To explore relationship among forgiveness, gratitude and resilience in Indian Youth (b) To investigate the impact of forgiveness and gratitude on resilience in Indian Youth and (c) To investigate the role of gender and culture on forgiveness, gratitude and resilience in Indian youth. The data was collected on a sample of 50 research scholars from interdisciplinary areas using Heartland Forgiveness scale, The Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ-6) and Brief Resilience scale. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The analysis indicated a low but statistically significant positive correlation among forgiveness, gratitude and resilience and score of forgiveness explained 22.6 % of variance in resilience. No gender and cultural differences were found for forgiveness, gratitude and resilience. Young Adults had an optimum level of recognition about obtaining a positive outcome from another individual. They had more than average ability to live well at every stage of life. They obtained more than average scores on the components of forgiveness: forgiving self, others and situation.
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A comparative personality profile of fertile and infertile women in Kolkata
Page 1420-1427
Sraboni Chatterjee, Department of Psychology Bijoy Krishna Girls' College, Howrah, Kolkata and Megha Bhattacharya, Indira Gandhi National Open University, Delhi

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Parenting is the bond that seals the generation together and the opportunity to pass along life experience to the next generation is what for many of us gives life its meaning. Bearing children and parenting are often the foundations around which couples have built a loving and committed relationship. The issue has been addressed within the periphery of selected psychosocial variables, where the findings established their interconnections and brought out distinctly different personality profiles of selected sub-samples namely fertile and infertile women. The study covered selected variables like well-being, anxiety, depression and narcissism. The sample consisted forty women divided equally twenty for fertile group and twenty for infertile group. Results revealed that infertile women tend to possess higher anxiety and depressive tone, whereas higher narcissism, well-being helps the fertile counterparts to bear homeostasis in their conjugal lives.
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Relationship of feelings of loneliness and depressive symptoms in old age: A study of older adults living with family and living alone
Page 1428-1433
Vijayshri, Department of Psychology Aligarh Mulsim University, Aligarh, UP and Frah Sultana Farooqi, Department of Sociology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, UP

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Depression and loneliness are the two crucial feelings in everyone's life; affecting the mental as well as physical health of an individual. Though individual of every age is affected and susceptible to the loneliness feelings and depressive symptoms, the existence of the two in old age is much more dangerous for the older adults. The present study aims to investigate the relationship of feelings of loneliness and depression in the late years of life. A total of 320 participants (age range from 60 to 85 years) were drawn randomly from Delhi, India. The sample consisted of 160 aged persons who were living with their families and 160 aged who were living alone. The prevalence of depression and loneliness was assessed using BDI (1996) and UCLA loneliness scale (1996) respectively. A significant positive correlation was found between loneliness and depressive feelings among aged population. The relationship was positive among aged persons living with their families while negative among those who were living alone at their late stage of life. When comparing the two groups, aged living with family and aged living alone, it was found that both the groups differed significantly on loneliness and depression.
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Psychosocial characteristics of rehospitalization among bipolar affective disorder patients
Page 1434-1438
Bhupendra Singh, Psychiatric Social Worker, Department of Psychiatry, PGIMS, Rohtak, A.N. Verma, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, RINPAS, Kanke, Ranchi and Amool R.Singh, Department of Clinical Psychology, RINPAS, Kanke, Ranchi

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Bipolar affective disorder tends to occur in episodes lasting 3-4 months, followed by complete clinical recovery. Future episode can be manic, depressive or mixed. Relapse is very common in bipolar affective disorder, level of social support reduces with the frequent relapses and expressed emotion took place in the negative form and become hurdle in readjustment of patients. 100 bipolar affective disorders with at least one hospitalization and their primary care givers were recruited from RINPAS OPD. People with more than one hospitalization get poor support from caregivers and they face high negative expressed emotion. Frequent relapse reduce the level of social support and increased the expressed emotion.
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A comparative study of psycho-social factors among the mothers of male and female mentally challenged children
Page 1439-1444
Vismita Paliwal and C.K. Paliwal, Department of Psychology, NIMS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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For the normal mental and social development of all children it is essential that the early emotional attachment and exchange of perceptions and experiences between children and their parents should take place. Early detection of impairments and developing strategies to uphold the normal development of the child is a primary and extremely important step in addressing problems associated with disabilities. Parents especially mothers often suffer from psychological problems that arise from disabilities of their children. The problems faced by the mothers of the children said to differ according to the gender of the mentally challenged child. The study is focused on determining the level of Subjective Well-Being, Social Support, Hope, Stress and Coping of the mothers of male and female mentally retarded children. Among the total sample, 50 mothers were of male mentally challenged children and 50 mothers were of female mentally challenged children. After the administration of the tests, scores were obtained and statistical measures like mean, SD, standard error of difference and t-ratio were applied. It was observed that mothers of male mentally challenged perceived significantly more subjective wellbeing and feeling of hopein comparison to the mothers of female mentally challenged children no significant difference was observed in the level of social support, stress and coping. Implications of the study were stated.
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Physical fitness in adolescent competitive yoga practitioners: A cross sectional cohort study
Page 1445-1448
Vikas Rawat, Rajesh S. K. and Raghuram Nagarathna, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana, Bangalore

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The benefits of physical fitness are widely acknowledged and extend across many domains of wellness and health. Aim of this study was to investigate differences in physical fitness in healthy individuals, who regularly practice yoga and non-experienced participants. This study compared hundred and ten competitive yoga children with equal number, age, gender, weight-matched healthy yoga motivated children who were naive. Sample consists of 50 boys and 60 girls in each group. Anthropometric measurements, spinal flexibility, hand grip strength and ventilatory function were recorded. Independent-samples t-tests were performed to determine whether statistically significant between groups. Yoga practitioners scored significantly higher on all domains of Physical fitness except on Left handgrip strength when compared with non practitioners. This study has shown children who practice yoga has seem to have higher physical fitness than non practitioners. Hence we recommend that yoga be introduced at school level in order to improve physical fitness and ventilatory functions of students.
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Enhancing quality of life and reducing depression through mystic rose meditative therapy
Page 1449-1452
Shobha Sharma and Sushma Suri, Department of Psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

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The rapid developments in science and technology brought us convenient living, but that lifestyle does not give comfort. Due to these problems many psychological problems occur. Depression is one of them. Peoples with chronic disease, often suffer from physical and psychological distress, lowering their quality of life. During the past 50 years the use of meditation and yoga, commonly applied as an effective adjunct to conventional medical treatment. Mystic rose meditative therapy is one of the most effective therapy created by Osho. The therapy is three hour a day process which last for 21 days. Objectives of the study are: To Study the demographical profiles of the subjects; To examine the effect of Mystic rose meditative therapy on depression (All levels), and Quality of life (All domains). 100 subjects equally divided into two groups i.e. experimental (intervention N=50) and control (without intervention N=50) were taken from Osho Dham (meditation Center). Further on subjects were equally divided on gender basis i.e. Males & females (N=25 each) within the age range of 30 to 65yrs. Obtained scores were analyzed with the help of paired t-test and chi square (for categorical variables). Findings of the study indicated a significant decrement in depression and improvement in quality of life among the subjects who received intervention than non intervention group.
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A study of the services being provided by family counseling centres in Chandigarh
Page 1453-1458
Mahek Singh, Department of Social Work, Punjabi University, Patiala

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The present study investigates the services being provided by the Family Counseling Centers (FCCs) established in the Union Territory of Chandigarh, with the funds provided by the Central Social Welfare Board. A total of 547 beneficiaries who availed of the services of these FCCs during the financial year 2010-2011 were personally interviewed and administered a structured interview schedule. It was found that FCCs provide counselling and guidance services, referrals, mediation as well as facilitation to many families in distress. The results further revealed that the FCCs are offering services to the beneficiaries irrespective of their age, sex, or relationship within the family and indeed are working as “Family Crises Intervention Centres”.
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Deficits in cognitive processes in children with ADHD
Page 1459-1462
Nishi Tripathi and Mahewash Hasan, Department of Psychology, Chitamber School of Humanities and Social Sciences Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHIATS), Allahabad, UP

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The present study in the area of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has attempted to identify core deficits associated with the cognitive functioning of the children having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder as compared with their counterparts. The sample consisted of children having ADHD and children without ADHD with identical demographic information. Cognitive Assessment System was used to assess cognitive deficits in children with ADHD. The result showed that there was significant gender difference in prevalence of ADHD in children. It further depicts that ADHD is more prevalent among children belonging to age group of 12-14. Performance on cognitive assessment system revealed significant difference in performance of two scales, planning and attention whereas there was no significant difference on the performance of simultaneous processing and successive processing between the two groups. There was significant difference in the performance on full scale between children with and without ADHD. Therefore it could be concluded children with ADHD have cognitive dysfunction in planning and attention which could be strong predictors of ADHD in children.
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Internet use pattern, coping styles and quality of life: Is there a relationship?
Page 1463-1467
Prachi S Vaish, Biswajit Dey and Ami Pathak, Institute of Behavioural Science, Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gujrat

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The use of Internet has swept the current generations across the world. Worldwide, Internet is used for social interaction, fun seeking, information seeking and professional activities. However, excessive Internet use has been linked to problems like excessive preoccupation, inability to control urges, social or personal distress, isolation, social avoidance, so called 'Internet addiction' and declining quality of life. To examine the inter-relationship between patterns of internet use, coping strategies used by those individuals and their subjective quality of life. A survey questionnaire was prepared that assessed the usage pattern of Internet users in terms of hours spent and activities along with Ways of Coping questionnaire to assess coping strategies, and WHOQOL-BREF to assess Quality of Life (QoL). This survey was conducted online over social networks. A significant moderate positive correlation was found between hours of internet use and the use of Tension Reduction as a coping style. This establishes a significant relationship between high use of internet and the use of Tension Reduction as a primary coping style. The tension reduction hypothesis, previously used to explain alcohol addiction, can therefore be used to explain internet addiction as well. A weak negative correlation was also found between hours of internet use and Quality of Life.
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To study the level of hope and positive attitude towards illness among AID Spatients in Chennai
Page 1468-1471
Chithra K and Jaywant Vijayakumar, Department of Psychology Madras School of Social Work, Egmore, Chennai and Vijayabanu U., Department of Counseling Psychology, Madras School of Social Work, Egmore, Chennai

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To find out the level of hope and positive attitude towards AIDS illness, among Chennai patients. Tamil Nadu has dropped from third to fifth among states with the largest number of people infected with the deadly virus. HIV positive members of the family can find themselves stigmatized and discriminated against within the home. It is found that women and non-heterosexual family members are more likely than children and men to be mistreated. In the workplace, people living with HIV may suffer stigma from their co-workers and employers, such as social isolation and ridicule, or experience discriminatory practices. People with AIDS tend become more depressed or anxious. A positive attitude towards the illness can help the patients accept or overcome the illness more effectively. Hence the present study aimed at finding out the level of hope and positive attitude towards the illness in patients. Exploratory study with ex-post facto research design was used in the present study. Random sampling strategy was used to draw the sample. The sample comprised of AIDS patients (n=30) among which 19 were male and 11 were female.Adult hope scale by Snyder (2002) was used to find out the level of hope among the patients and Silver lining questionnaire by Sodergren and Hyland, (2000)was used to assess positive attitudes towards AIDS illness. The results revealed that there is a lot of hope and better positive attitude towards illness among AIDS patients. The mean difference revealed that men and women differ in their level of hope and positive attitude. Illness makes an individual realize his/her true purpose in life and the direction in which they carry their life. From this study we can understand that AIDS patients have hope and positive attitude in life. People with illness should be given more care and counseling to help them focus in life positively.
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Role of student teacher relationship in educational adjustment and self-esteem of fifth, sixth and seventh grade students
Page 1472-1476
Sangeeta Khullar and Anusuiya Tyagi, M.K.P. (P.G.) College, Dehradun

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Finding a dearth of research on teacher-student relationship in the Indian context, 75 girls and 75 boys (N=150) of classes 5th, 6th and 7th from five private schools of Haridwar district were administered the Educational Inventory and the Self Esteem Inventory. Five subject teachers of each of these students were asked to fill the Student Teacher Relationship Scale. The average of five scores was taken as the Student Teacher relationship score and that of its components- Conflict, Closeness and Dependency. Results indicate that there is a low but significant relationship between Educational Adjustment and Student Teacher Relationship as a whole for the total sample (N=150) but not for boys and girls taken separately. Conflict appears to be negatively correlated with Self Esteem for the total sample and boys taken separately (N=75) and with Educational adjustment for total sample only. The other correlations were not significant. These are preliminary results from a larger study and are discussed in light of current theories and earlier studies.
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Behavioral correlates of physical exercise among students
Page 1477-1482
Mansi Khandelwal, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Noida, Uttar Pradesh and Smita Gupta, Indra Gandhi National Open University, Delhi

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This research examines the intention of students to engage in physical exercise based on the theory of planned behaviour. The data was collected by the semi structured interview method to suit the requirements of an exploratory and descriptive study. The respondents were in the age group of 20 to 25 years from a reputed private university in NCR involving in total 14 students (equal number of men and women). Thematic analysis was used to identify relevant themes emerging from the interview data. Students themselves expressed that physical exercise is important as it helps them perform better. The finding of the study supports that out of the three factors of theory of planned behaviour, attitude and perceived behavioural control are important factors in one’s intention to engage in physical exercise. However, subjective norms were not deemed as relevant as the other two factors.
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Self and partner personality in relationship satisfaction
Page 1483-1486
Shriparna Singh and Ashi Makkar, Department of Psychology, The IIS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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Personal attributes influence the way partners perceive each other, interact with each other, and determine how marital events are appraised and explained. This study attempts to examine whether similarity in self rating of personality among couples will correlate with relationship satisfaction. Also, whether discrepancy in perceived partner's rating and female self rated personality will correlate with relationship satisfaction. It was hypothesized that similarity in self rating of personality among couples will be positively correlated with relationship satisfaction. Difference score between perceived partners' rating and females self rating will be negatively correlated with relationship satisfaction. The sample for the current study comprised 50 married couples (50 males, 50 females).Participants belonging to the age group of 25-40 years were taken for the study. The scales used for this study were NEO Personality Questionnaire, a short version called TIPI (Gosling et al., 2003), and Relationship Assessment Scale by Hendrick (1988). The data obtained were statistically analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation. Results show that actual similarity on personality dimensions of conscientiousness and agreeableness was positively correlated, whereas neuroticism was correlated negatively with relationship satisfaction. Further, discrepancy between perceived partners' rating and self-rating of personality on openness, and conscientiousness was significantly negatively correlated with relationship satisfaction among couples.
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The impact of resilience and recovery among the survivors of domestic violence: A perspective study of women in the Indian context
Page 1487-1491
Moumita Roy, Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta

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Research on domestic violence on women extensively documents the harm caused by such violence as a result it is a fact that battered women experience increased levels of stress , trauma ,depression and lower self esteem added with higher levels of psychological distress when compared to non battered women. The present study tries to highlight on the psychological, emotional, social and physical effects of domestic violence on Indian women and the impact of resilience and recovery from the trauma caused by it. In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 women belonging to the city of Kolkata, subjected to domestic violence for a period of 3-15 years. The results highlighted on the condition of women living with domestic violence and how they directed themselves towards the use of resilience and recovery, to put an end to the trauma caused by it. Future implications of the study highlight on the intervention programs and generation of resources to incentivize these traumatized women to face the hardships and adversity in the Indian context.
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Suicidal ideation in relation to depression and social support among college students
Page 1492-1495
Rohtash Singh, Department of Psychology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana

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Human suicidal behaviour has always been a source of dread and wonder to mankind. Suicide among youths' has emerged as a significant global public health problem and it is third leading cause of death. The present study is designed to examine the relationship of depression and social support with suicide ideation. Sample for the study consisted of 150 participants drawn from different colleges of Kurukshetra (Haryana). The participants were assessed with Scale for Suicide Ideation, Beck Depression Inventory and Social Support Questionnaire. The objectives of the study were (a) to examine the relationship of suicide ideation with depression and social support, and (b) to find out the predictors of suicide ideation. Results demonstrated that suicide ideation was positively associated with depression and negatively associated with social support. Multiple regression analysis found that social support satisfaction, a measure of social support and depression are the potent predictors for suicidal ideation.
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Bilateral transfer deficit among congenitally deaf
Page 1496-1498
Alpana Mohan, Department of Psychology, VMLG (PG) College, Ghaziabad, U.P.

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Bilateral transfer, we mean practicing an activity with a particular part of the body usually facilitates performance of the same activity with another part of the body. The problem of inter-hemispheric transfer (Bilateral transfer) is more complex. The nature of such interhemispheric problem is not clear as yet. Clinical studies indicated that bilateral transfer of skill is significantly reduced in callosectonized patients and normal controls(Lehman & Lampe,1970). Present study is examined whether bilateral transfer deficits would persist in deaf children at a perceptual level. In order to examine interhemispheric transfer among congenital deaf and normal control group, bilateral transfer of motor skill was assessed with the mirror drawing task. Bilateral transfer is indicator of interhemispheric transfer. Findings of the study revealed that congenital deaf subjects were significantly more inaccurate & committed more errors in the mirror tracing task and had significantly less bilateral transfer of motor skill is found in comparison to control subjects. The present findings allow us to accept a hypothesis of lowered bilateral organization' rather than failure to establish normal pattern of dominance in people with congenital deaf.
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A study on psychological impact of menopause in Indian working women
Page 1499-1501
Prianka and S. Thenmozhi, Department of Psychology, IDE, University of Madras, Chennai

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Menopause as a permanent cessation of menstruation resulting from loss of ovarian, follicular activity which leads to many physical and psychological issues in middle aged women. The aim of the present study was to assess the psychological impact of menopause on 35 middle aged (45-54 years) working women under low socio economic status compared group of 35 high socio economic status working women were also studied. Beck's Depression scale and Menopause Rating scale (MRS) were used to collect data. Results indicate that women in low socio economic status show mild level of depressive symptoms than the high socio economic status women.
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To study the moral values among male and female school students
Page 1502-1504
Samriti Mona, Chandigarh College of Education, Landran, Punjab and Sushma Saini, Amity Insitute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Noida

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The future of any country depends on the overall development of its students. Moral development is one such aspect of this development. There are many stages of human development. From all these stages childhood stage is most important, as at this stage the mind of child is fresh and raw to perceive any kind of knowledge. Holistic development of an individual is incomplete if moral values are neglected. Moral values play an important role in shaping personality of child. Moral values are things held to be right or wrong or desirable or undesirable. While morality is something described as innate in human, the scientific view is that a capacity for morality is genetically determined in us, but the sets of moral values is acquired, through example, teaching and imprinting from parents and society. Realizing the importance of moral values among elementary school students a descriptive study was conducted using moral value scale for school children by Alpana Sen. Gupta and Arun Kumar. The result was statistically analyzed using mean, SD and t-ratio. The moral value dimensions lying, dishonesty, stealing and cheating was compared and assessed for male and female students.
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Accessing role of chronicity on theory of mind in schizophrenia
Page 1505-1507
Nidhi Aggarwal, Central Institute of Psychiatry Ranchi and C. R. J. Khess, Director of Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi and Masroor Jahan, Additional Professor of Clinical Psychology, Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi

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Theory of mind (TOM) refers to the capacity to infer one's own and other persons' mental states. Several studies provide convincing evidence of a specific deficit in the theory of mind (ToM) in patients with schizophrenia. The present study attempts to access role of chronicity on Theory of mind in schizophrenia patients. Total 25 patients with ICD-10 DCR diagnosis of schizophrenia were selected as sample for the study from the inpatient department. Theory of Mind Task was used for exploring TOM in Schizophrenia patients. To study the variables independent samples test and chi-square (2) test were used. There was no significant correlation found between duration of illness and Theory of mind in schizophrenia patients. Duration of illness does not influence the theory of mind deficit in schizophrenia patients. This study adds to the growing literature on ToM by suggesting that theory of mind deficit might represent a trait rather than a state marker in schizophrenia.
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A study of psychological well-being of rural and urban young adults belonging to high income group and middle income group
Page 1508-1510
Swarn Shikha Sharma and Kiran Sahu, Department of Psychology G.D.H.G.College, Moradabad, U.P

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The term psychological well being is used throughout the healthy industry as kind of a catch all phrase meaning contentment, satisfaction with all element of life, self actualization (a feeling of having achieved something with one's life peace and happiness). Well-being is a dynamic concept that includes subjective, social, and psychological dimensions as well as health-related behaviors. The most commonly recognized social class includes High- Income Group (HIG), Middle-Income Group (MIG) and the Lower-Income Group (LIG). Lower Income Group includes occupations like factory workers, manual labourers, maintenance workers and welfare recipients. The Middle Income Group is variously described as the managerial class, White collar or middle class. The High Income Group or upper class consists of people with high incomes. The aim of the present study is to find out the difference between HIG and MIG group and rural and urban areas young adults on psychological well-being and further to find out the gender difference regarding psychological well-being. . For this purpose 100 young adults (50 male and 50 female) were taken from Moradabad District of U.P. Psychological well-being scale by Warr (1987) was used to measure well-being of respondents. Results indicated that HIG and MIG groups are significantly differed on psychological well-being on the other hand non significant difference found for rural and urban young adults. Further there is found significant gender difference for psychological well-being.
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Advanced aternal age and autism
Page 1511-1513
Nirupama Bhuyan, The Cousellor, D.A.V Public School, Cuttack, Odisha

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Autism is a brain disorder also known as social communicative disorder that typically affects a person's ability to communicate, form relationships with others, and respond appropriately to the environment. Some people with autism are relatively high-functioning, with speech and intelligence intact. Others are mentally retarded, mute, or have serious language delays. For some, autism makes them seem closed off and shut down; others seem locked into repetitive behaviours and rigid patterns of thinking. Among other causal factors like vaccines, genetics, immunological disorders, environmental toxins, nature of delivery and maternal infections etc. etc., maternal aging is playing an important role in the development of autism. Older mothers are more likely to have a child who develops an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than are younger mothers. The study was designed to find out the possible causal relationship between maternal aging and the development of autism. 200 subjects were taken for this study. The age range of the participants varied from 3 to 12 or 13 years. The samples were diagnosed through Autism Checklist (AC) and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). Later the total participants were segmented into three groups according to their mothers' age levels such as 20 to 30 years, 30 to 35 and 35 to 40 years. All the mothers were compared with each other with respect to their prevailing ages at the time of conception, and any other complications such as illnesses, accidents or miscarriages if they had overcome during their gestation period. It was found from the result that 9 percent of autistic children were having mothers coming below the age of 30 years. The increase in autistic cases moved to 27 percent and 64 percent at 30-35 and 35-40 years of maternal age respectively. However, the risk of having a child with autism was not influenced by the fathers' age. The relationship with fathers' age was not clear. It was also noticed that fathers of 40 or above t
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A study of emotional maturity and resilience among the juvenile delinquents and non-juvenile delinquents
Page 1514-1516
Devika Raje, National Post Graduate College, Lucknow, UP and Neha Shree Srivastava Department of Psychology, NPGC, Lucknow, UP

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India is set to become the youngest country by 2020, as today every 3rd person in India is youth, and approximately every 6th individual are indulging himself / herself in criminal activities. It was the primary aim of the present research to study the emotional maturity and resilience among the juvenile delinquents boys and among the school going inmates. Sample size was 60, among which 30 were juveniles and 30 were school going inmates, the age group was 12- 17 years. Results yielded clear support for the hypothesis that there is significant difference in emotional maturity among Juveniles and Non- juvenile delinquents. The result shows significant difference in Emotional maturity among juvenile delinquents and non- juvenile delinquents; whereas no significant difference was seen in Resilience among both the samples. The correlation found among Emotional Maturity and resilience in the juvenile delinquents was negative but in Non-juvenile delinquents was positive
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Positive emotions: Facilitator of optimal health and wellbeing
Page 1517-1519
Prarthna Swani Department of Psychology, S.R. Government College for Women, Amritsar

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A comprehensive review of research relating emotions to health is presented. The consequences of negative and positive emotions on health are highlighted. It is opined that positive emotions produce optimal functioning not just within the present but over the long term as well. Negative emotions, on the other hand, can produce and intensify a variety of health threats and diseases, whose onset and course is influenced by the immune system. Some proven techniques for shedding negative emotions and increasing positive emotions are discussed. The bottom line message is that we should work to cultivate positive emotions in ourselves and in those around us as a means to achieving improved psychological and physical health over time.
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A study of parent-child relationship on adolescents self-esteem
Page 1520-1522
Teena Variamparampil and Nehashree Srivastava, Department of Psychology, National PG College, Lucknow, UP

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Self-esteem is a disposition that a person has which represents their judgments of their own worthiness For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised and the relationship they are having with their parents makes a lot of difference in their own personal worth as being children through the eyes of the parents, they know what they really are which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. The present study's aim was to study parent child relationship among adoloscents self-esteem. Parental acceptance and rejection is the warmth dimension of parenting if the child's self- esteem is boosted up and if it is lacking in some aspect then what could be the consequences. The sample of the study was 30 adoloscents , the tools used were self-esteem scale by Rosenberg and parent-child relationship scale by Dr.Nalini Rao it was hypothesized that there will be positive relationship between parent child relationship and child's self- esteem with the help of correlational design and as well as t-testing, wherein the result came out to be similar to the hypothesis and significant difference was seen between father and mother's relationship with child and positive relationship between parent child relationship and child's self- esteem.
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A comparative study on deprivation among male female adolescents
Page 1523-1524
Azara Parveen and Champa Mathpal, Department of Psychology, M.B.P.G College, Haldwani

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The term of deprivation has been used in various ways. The word deprivation is derived from, the verb to deprived which to deprive which mean to dispossess or strip and it implies a felt loss the word. Deprivation literally refers to dispossession or loss of privileges opportunities, maternal goods and the like. It is also used as social disadvantage, cultural alienation and a condition in which particular external and internal factors merge to narrow a person's behavioral alternatives for achieving self fulfillment. It is the state of insufficient satisfaction of basic needs and deficiencies in individual and family setting. This research is a comparative study on deprivation among male female adolescents. For this study 150 adolescent 75 male and 75 female were taken. Deprivation scale by Dr (Smt.) Chandra Prabha Jain was used to collect data. The result revealed that girls are more deprived than boys.
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100 INR

Difference between emotional aspects of gifted girls and boys
Page 1525-1526
Bharti Agrawal and Surabhi Purohit, Department of Home Science, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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Gifted children have an extraordinary ability to exercise sensitive judgment for solving problems to adapt to new situations and to learn from new experiences. They also have an extra ordinary memory and an unquenchable thirst for knowledge. Gifted girls and boys have different coping mechanisms and are likely to face different problems. Gifted girls hide their abilities and learn to blend in with other children. Gifted boys are easier to spot, but they are often considered “immature" and may be held back in school if they cannot socialize with children their own age with whom they have no common interests. The research study aims at determining the impact of emotional aspect of girls and boys who are gifted. Data was collected using Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) by Raven for IQ and Eight State Questionnaire (8SQ) by Cattell for emotional aspects. IQ test was administered on 525 children from 8th, 9th, and 10th class (13 to 16 year old) from Jaipur city, Rajasthan (India) but only 55 children were found to be gifted on whom 8SQ was administered. Results showed that there was no difference in emotional aspects among gifted girls and boys. They both have same kind of emotions at this level. We can say that gifted girls and boys of this age group have the same level of stress, depression, fatigue etc.
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100 INR

Neuroticism as a predictors of marital satisfaction
Page 1527-1528
Khelchand Bhagat and B. Hasan, School of Studies in Psychology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur

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The aim of the current empirical piece of research is to examine the predicting effect of neuroticism on marital satisfaction. Following the stratified random sampling technique 160-male partners of married couples within the age range of 38-40 yrs were drawn from Raipur city to serve as participants. Correlational research design was employed to see the predicting effect of neuroticism. Marital satisfaction scale constructed and standardized by Bhagat and Hasan (2013) was used to asses the marital satisfaction. For assessing neuroticism the Hindi Version of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire by Jitendra Mohan (1985) was used. The result indicated that the neuroticism is a significant predictor of marital satisfaction.
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100 INR

Neuroticism as a predictors of marital satisfaction
Page 1527-1528
Khelchand Bhagat and B. Hasan, School of Studies in Psychology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur

Show Preview
The aim of the current empirical piece of research is to examine the predicting effect of neuroticism on marital satisfaction. Following the stratified random sampling technique 160-male partners of married couples within the age range of 38-40 yrs were drawn from Raipur city to serve as participants. Correlational research design was employed to see the predicting effect of neuroticism. Marital satisfaction scale constructed and standardized by Bhagat and Hasan (2013) was used to asses the marital satisfaction. For assessing neuroticism the Hindi Version of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire by Jitendra Mohan (1985) was used. The result indicated that the neuroticism is a significant predictor of marital satisfaction.
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100 INR

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