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ISSN 2229-5356
Impact Factor 2012 = 0.47
Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing
copyright 2011 IAHRW . All Rights Reserved
Volume - 8 (2017), Issue - 1
Editor - Sunil Saini, PhD
About this Journal

triguna and Eysenck Personality Dimensions
Page 1-8
Swaroop R., Department of Studies in Psychology, University of Mysore, Mysuru, Kiran Kumar K. Salagame Department of Psychology (Retired) University of Mysore, Mysuru , Archana Bhat Kallahalla Department of Mathematics and Humanities India Platform, BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru

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The efforts to understand self in the context of society and the society in the context of self has been a perennial activity of the human kind for centuries. In this effort, the role of India has been considerably the most strenuous. Irrespective of how precisely ancient Indians have achieved a tangible result in the aforementioned activity, the efforts are commendable. The vastness of documents in regards to understanding the intrinsic relationship between the self and society and vice-versa is impeccable. Those documents deemed as scriptures are articulated in a way, that, it becomes relevant for people of all ages. However, the conclusions arrived at in those scriptures require a more systematic empirical investigation in the context of contemporary social sciences. Those scriptures are apparently religious to some and inherently spiritual to others. In spite of what and how people perceive and feel the scriptures, scriptures have struck a chord with the majority of the Indian population. Owing to the solidarity the major population has shown in accepting the scriptures, it becomes intriguing and worth an examination. An examination that yearns to verify the basis of such solidarity is it backed up by thorough logic or is it driven by blind beliefs? To investigate one such conceptual framework from an empirical perspective, the AHS scale as developed by authors was further correlated with the the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. If both the scales have their own ways of measuring an individual, the dimensions of Eysenck and the personality aspects of triguna theory apparently hold some conceptual resemblance. Considering the fact that earlier researchers had taken up a similar research and also had coincidentally found results very similar to this result, this work becomes even more intriguing to see, how across three decades the two concepts have stood as pillars to two different cultures of psychology. The tool is checked for its validity on a sample size o
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Psychological and health problems of conflict-displaced ilaje adolescents and adults in Nigeria
Page 9-17
Bolanle Ogungbamila, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria and Awoniyi B. Adeyanju Niger Delta University Amassoma, Nigeria

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Conflict-forced displacement has been associated with negative consequences among the victims. In Nigeria, less research attention has been paid to the psychological and health problems of conflict-displaced individuals. This study, therefore, compared some psychological (e.g., hopelessness & troubled sleep) and health (e.g., diarrhea & fever) problems of a group of conflict-displaced adolescents and adults. It also tested the extent to which such problems and the victims' willingness to return to their place of habitual residence were associated perceived adequacy of the socio-economic support they received from the host community. Preliminary results indicated that the victims perceived that the displaced persons' camps in Igbokoda had inadequate supply of basic facilities (e.g., water, electricity, health services, psychological services, & functional toilets). A significant numbers of the adolescents reported psychological and health problems than adults. Less number of conflict-displaced persons, who received adequate socio-economic support, reported psychological and health problems compared with those who received either inadequate or no socio-economic support from the host community. Socio-economic support was significantly associated with victims' willingness to return to their habitual place of residence. Specifically, most of the victims who received no socio-economic support were willing to return compared with those who had either adequate or inadequate socio-economic support. In order to reduce psychological and health problems, especially among victims of conflict-forced displacement who are adolescents, adequate socio-economic support should be provided in displaced persons' camps.
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Illness perception, medication adherence, resilience and quality of life among COPD and arthritis patients
Page 18-28
Nandini Sanyal, Department of Psychology, St. Francis College for Women, Begumpet, Hyderabad , Tina Fernandes Department of Psychology, St. Francis College for Women, Begumpet, Hyderabadm, Munira Fathi and Sakina Khatoon St. Francis College for Women Begumpet, Hyderabad

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The present study was conducted in two phases. The objective of Study 1 was to explore the relationship between illness perception and medication adherence in patients with Arthritis and COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) diagnosed less than 2 years and more than 4 years. The objective of Study 2 was to examine whether there is any relationship between the resilience and quality of life in a similar sample. A non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to select a sample of 160 Arthritis and COPD patients for both the studies. The results of Study 1 revealed that there is a significant difference between the patients suffering from Arthritis and COPD with respect to personal control and emotional representation (p<0.01). Significant differences were observed between the patients suffering from Arthritis diagnosed less than 2 years and more than 4 years in terms of personal control, treatment control and emotional representation (p<0.01). The study revealed significant negative correlations between coherence and medication adherence in COPD patients diagnosed more than 4 years (p<0.05) and between emotional representation and medication adherence in Arthritis patients, diagnosed less than 2 years (p<0.01). The results of Study 2 showed significant correlations between resilience and the dimensions of quality of life among Arthritis and COPD patients diagnosed less than 2 yrs and those above 4 years (p<0.05). Studies such as these highlight the need for healthcare professionals to consider the patients' resilience and their views on illness and adherence to provide effective care and treatment regimens and optimize their well-being.
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Childhood parental emotional maltreatment: A study of its consequences in adulthood
Page 29-34
Ilika Guha Majumdar, Tushar Singh, Yogesh Kumar Arya, Satchit Prasun Mandal and Sushma Kumari Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

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The present study examined the role of childhood parental emotional abuse and neglect in the formation and development of fear of intimacy in the context of romantic relationships and depressive symptoms among a sample of young adults. A total of 275 participants (120 males & 155 females) having the age range from 18 years to 25 years were administered Computer Assisted Maltreatment Inventory-Psychological Abuse Subscale, Multidimensional Neglectful Behaviour-Form A 20 (Adolescent & Adult Recall Version), Fear of Intimacy Scale and Beck Depression Inventory II. The results of the study showed a significant relationship of childhood parental emotional abuse and neglect with fear of intimacy and depressive symptoms. The results also suggested significant gender differences in fear of intimacy among young adults. Childhood parental emotional abuse and neglect were significantly predicted fear of intimacy and depressive symptoms. The results, thus, indicate that childhood parental emotional abuse and neglect play a critical role in the development of fear of intimacy in the context of romantic relationships and depressive symptoms among young adults. Therefore, it may be argued that maltreatment occurring during the childhood may have enduring adverse influences on adult psychological health.
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Learning disability: Needs space in policies
Page 35-37
Lata Sati and Deepika Vig, Department of Human Development and Family Studies College of Home Science, Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab

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Learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. Learning disability does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. These children have needs just like any other child and in addition have a specific need but we do not have systems to deal with these specific needs thus turning them into disabilities. In government policies this disability has no place, i.e., it is not recognized as disability and hence no benefits for the sufferers. Learning disability becomes evident when child enters an educational institution which practices uniform structures of instruction and evaluation but sometimes it is underestimated under the ground that child is lazy, not interested in studies etc. Parents are not accepting this hard truth and at the same time lack of quality researches due to lack of support from organization, parents etc. In absence of research the necessary focus which this disability should get in policy making and intervention are not present. Social acceptance is also lacking. We are using majority of assessment and recommendations given by foreign researches. How much they are suitable in Indian context is of great question.
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Psychological consequences of anxiety on loneliness and suicide ideation among retirees: A psycho-social review
Page 38-40
Ritu Sekhri, Department of Psychology, Post Grdauate Government College, Sector-11, Chandigarh and Ashok Sekhri Retired Deputy General Manager State Bank of India, Jalandhar

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The life of integrity and despair as described by Erickson in the eighth stage of psychosocial development implies acceptance of a life that was well-lived. At this stage, an evaluative look back comes to his or her previous one's life. But at the same time, he or she can have a different frame of mind on account of disdainful attitude of the family and society leading to multiple health problems and as a last resort to commit suicide even because of the feeling of solitude and disrespectful actions of his near and dear ones. The present paper aims to discuss the psychological effect of anxiety on two of the various mental dilemmas: loneliness and suicide during the retirement life. It has also been emphasized that the financial dependence is also responsible for the isolation and suicidal tendencies among the elderly people. Thoughts play a pivotal role in the intensity, quality, and persistence of an individual's mood, state of nature, and behavior. It is viewed that the anxiety - physical and mental dissatisfaction after leaving the active service are the root cause of loneliness and suicidal ideation.
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Personality factors and perceived social support as determinants of psychological well-being among university students
Page 41-48
Fariha Ishrat Ullah Visiting Faculty, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh

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Sense of well-being is one of the most important goals which individuals strive for. With an increasingly competitive existence, the pressures and challenges confronting the individual are extremely high, therefore, it is difficult to maintain this sense of well-being at all stages of life especially adolescence and early adulthood. The present paper aimed to study psychological well-being in relation to personality factors and perceived social support among a sample of students studying in Aligarh Muslim University (N = 311). Psychological Well-being Scale constructed by Carol Ryff (1989) was used to assess psychological well-being. The tool used to assess personality factors was NEO FFI Personality Inventory by Paul T. Costa and Robert Mc Crae (1992) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) was used to measure perceived social support. Results showed that three personality factors namely Neuroticism, Openness and Conscientiousness and Perceived social support from family emerged as significant predictors of psychological well-being.
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Life satisfaction among below poverty line, above poverty line males and migrant labours of Haryana
Page 49-53
Rakesh Kumar Behmani and Promila Department of Applied Psychology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, Haryana

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Present study is an attempt to study the differences between adult males on life satisfaction. Sample of the study consist 540 persons from villages of Haryana. Sample is further divided between three categories of migrant labours, below poverty line people and people who earn moderately of above poverty line persons (180 each). Age range of the whole sample is between 22 to 45 years. The life satisfaction scale constructed by Alam and Srivastava was used here. Results suggest that there are significant differences between different groups on life satisfaction. The mean scores clearly reveal that the migrant labours scored lower on life satisfaction followed by participants who were below poverty line. Relatively participants above poverty line evinced more life satisfaction, and it is very much understood because financial aspects determine the life satisfaction very much.
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Perceived organizational support and personality dimensions as predictors of job satisfaction
Page 54-56
Khan Abrar uz Zaman Khan, Department of Psychiatry All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur and Sonali Chandrakar Institute of Teachers Education Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur

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The objective of the present empirical piece of research work is to examine the predicting effects of perceived organizational support and personality dimensions on job satisfaction. 61 school teachers were drawn from different school, by incidental-cum random sampling technique from different school at Raipur city to serve as participants in the present research work. Correlational research design was employed. Job satisfaction was measured by Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (Weiss et al., 1967). Perceived organizational support was measured by 8 item survey scale of perceived organizational support (Eisenberger, Hungtington, Hutchison, & Sowa, 1986). Personality dimensions were measured by EPQRS-H (Tiwari, Singh, & Singh, 2009). Predication effect was worked out through regression analysis. Results of study indicated that, perceived organizational support was positively linked with job satisfaction. Further, neuroticism was negatively and extraversion was positively associated with job satisfaction. It is concluded that there is sufficient empirical and statistical evidence of the predicting effect of perceived organizational support and personality dimensions on job satisfaction.
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Role of clinical psychologist in community mental health
Page 57-61
Dinesh Naik Principal, N.V.P. Mondal's, Arts, Commerce & Science College, Lasalgaon, Nasik, Maharastra

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The term “mental health” often scares people but put simply mental health is about the way we think and feel about ourselves and others and how we manage the demands of everyday life. From the perspective of 'positive psychology' or 'holism', mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life, and create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Mental health can also be defined as an expression of emotions, and as signifying a successful adaptation to a range of demands. Sothis article may represent a current scenario of the clinical psychologist in CMH.
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A study of psychological (Personality) correlates of criminal behaviour
Page 62-66
Dinesh Singh, Department of Psychology, Govt. College Baund Kalan, Bhiwani, Haryana and Asha Rani STI Counsellor, Civil Hospital Rohtak, Haryana

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The present investigation was made to study the psychological (personality) correlates of criminal behaviour. The objectives of the study were to compare criminals and non-criminals on different personality variables / traits and to identify the discriminant variables of criminality. It was hypothesized that criminals would score higher on extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism and subsequently on all the personality traits (EPP-SV6) For the sudy of psychological correlates of criminal behaviour two group design was adopted group I (n = 100) consisting of criminals and group II (n=100) consisting of non-criminals (normal subjects). Criminals were inmates of District Jail, Rohtak under section 302 and 307 and non-criminals from general population. The two groups consisted of 25-35 years old, semi-literate from rural as well as urban background. They were matched on sociodemographic variables. Eysenck Personality Profiler Short (EPPS-V6) Hindi translation was used to measure the personality variables/traits. The data were analyzed by employing t-test and two group discriminant to identify the psychological personality correlates of criminality. It was found that criminals were significantly higher than non-criminals on all the personality traits as per EPP-SV6. The major discriminant factors of criminality were unhappiness, anxiety, inferiority, risk taking, irresponsibility, assertiveness and impulsiveness in that order.
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The budget utilization of a primary health center in Uttara Kannada district
Page 62-74
Nitin Hosmelkar, Medical Officer, Primary Health Center, Amdalli Karwar, Uttara Kannada, Karnataka and Vijaya U. Patil Department of Home Science, Government Home Science College, Hassan, Karnataka

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Primary Health Centre (PHCs), sometimes referred to as public health centers, are state-owned rural health care facilities in India. PHC Amdalli is having 1 acre 4 guntas of its own land with a tiles roofed old building. PHC is serving 2900 population with 4 sanction post , those are one Medical Officer, one Pharmacist, one Junior health assistant female and one group D. It is located in Amdalli village near Panchayat office and it is 18 km meter away from Taluka and District headquarters that is Karwar (Uttara kannada). As this PHC comes under State Government administration budget will be allotted from the Government through Zilla Panchayat and District Health and Family welfare offices under different account heads. The present study aims to find out the budget allotted to Primary Health Center in last three financial years that is 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16 and the utilization of the budget for different purposes. The study also aims to compare all three years budget allotment and utilization with reference to the requirements of the PHC to give better service to the community. The Retrospective type of data was collected from the records of the PHC Amdalli, which is maintained by First Division Assistant of District Malaria Office. From the study it can be concluded that the budget allotted to Salary component of Medical Officer, Paramedical staff and Non-medical staff and Honorarium component of ASHA workers is sufficient. But for the ARS (Arogya Raksha Samiti) it is lacking in 2015-16 financial year and the amount is not properly utilized in 2013-14 and 2014-15 financial year. To provide all the curative, preventive, primitive and Family Welfare Services services without any disturbance in case of PHC Amdalli there is a need of Male health worker, Staff nurse, First Division Assistant, LHV ,Senior Health Assistant and a Peon so that in any emergency staff can serve better. So the sanction posts should be increased according to the need and amount released
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Health locus of control, peer pressure, and cognitive triad among adolescents
Page 75-81
Sunita, Department of Applied Psychology Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar, Haryana, Suresh Kumar Govt, College of Girls Sector-11, Chandigarh and Rakesh Kumar Behmani Department of Applied Psychology Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar, Haryana

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Adolescence is a sensitive period with many transitions experienced by teens. Many factors exert influence on an individual during adolescence; these influences may be psychological or physical in nature. Influence of (& influence on) perceptions of an adolescent play a crucial role in an individual's development. These perceptions may relate to their health, peers, or the level of control they feel they have on their lives. This research investigates the perceptions of adolescents on health locus of control, peer pressure, and cognitive triad. The purpose of the present research was to study the correlations between cognitive triad, health locus of control and peer pressure among late adolescents. For this, the study includes a sample of 200 college going late adolescents with mean age of 18.165 years, of which 100 are males and 100 are females. Further, out of these 100 males and 100 females, 50 are from rural background and 50 are from urban background. The results shows that males are more dependent upon external factors and powerful others for their HLOC as do females, while females are more inclined towards internal factors than do males and adolescents belonging from rural area are more inclined upon internal and chance factors, while urban adolescents are more dependent upon powerful others for their HLOC. The results for peer pressure indicate that rural males perceive more peer pressure than urban males and urban females perceive more peer pressure than rural females. For cognitive triad the results show that females and rural adolescents, in comparison to males and urban adolescents, respectively, have more distorted thoughts about the self, the world, and the future.
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Study of relationship between cognitive insight and meta cognition in schizophrenia
Page 82-85
Pooja Mahour, Department of Psychiatry KGMU, Lucknow, UP, Prama Sharma Department of Psychology DSSV, Haridwar, UK, Rakesh Kumar Head Department of Psychology, IMHH, Agra, UP, and Vivek Agrawal Department of Psychiatry KGMU, Lucknow, UP

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Insight of illness is an important concept in mental illness like schizophrenia. Cognitive insight and meta cognition are crucial aspect of cognitive process during pathological state, cognitive insight is the individual's ability to self-reflect, to acknowledge the possibility of being mistaken, to be open to feedback, and to refrain from overconfidence (Back, 2004) and meta cognition is the awareness of one's own mental processes, Studies suggested both are crucial component for illness insight hence crucial for the treatment compliance, functioning and maintenance of the illness, it has great clinical significance for the facilitating change in clinical and psychological management. This study was aimed to explore and identify the relationship between cognitive insight and meta cognitive ability in schizophrenic patients. A sample of 100 patients, aged 18-60, diagnosed with schizophrenic according to ICD -10 DCR were drawn from the adult OPD of department of psychiatry, KGMU, UP Lucknow, India. Those who qualified the inclusion and exclusion criteria and consented for the study they were evaluated further for clinical and socio demographic, Back Cognitive Insight Scale (BCIS) and Meta cognitive Inventory (MCI). A significant positive correlations were found between Cognitive insight and metacognition abilities. There is a significant positive correlation between cognitive insight and Meta cognitive ability of schizophrenic patients. Intervention aiming to improvement in cognitive insight would lead to betterment in meta cognition abilities.
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Impact of emotional intelligence on psychological wellbeing of secondary school students
Page 86-89
Susheela, Department of Education, Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra, Haryana, Rajesh Kumar Govt College, Bapoli Panipat, Haryana and Jyoti Khajuria Department of Education, Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra, Haryana

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The present study was carried out to study the impact of Emotional Intelligence among secondary school students. The sample comprised of 150 students(boys 75 & girls 75) who were randomly selected from government high schools of Karnal and Panipat Districts. Psychological Well-being (PWBS-SDCP) Scale Devender singh and Pooja chaudhary (2012) and Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS Schtte et al., 1988) was used to analyse the impact of Emotional Intelligence on Psychological Well-being of secondary school students. Pearson's Product Moment, correlation, T-test and Regression were used to analyse the data. The findings of the present study shows that correlation between Emotional Intelligence and Psychological well-being among students was found Significant. Further T-test was applied between Emotional Intelligence and Psychological Well-being of both groups where it was found that there was significant difference between emotional intelligence of male and female students but insignificant difference between Psychological well-being of both groups.
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Comparison of depression between asthmatic and non-asthmatic adolescents
Page 90-91
Mohini Mittal, Department of Psychology Meerut College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh and Israil Miya Department of Psychology Meerut College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh

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The main objective of the present research investigation was to find out the depression among asthmatic and non-asthmatic adolescents. For this purpose a sample of 400 adolescents was randomly selected and divided into two groups as asthmatics (N=200) and non-asthmatics (N=200) of age range 16-18 years. The Hindi version of Depression Scale (developed by Kapoor, 1987) was used for assessing the level of depression among the subjects. Data was analysed with the help of t-test. Results showed that asthmatic adolescents were more depressed than the non-asthmatic (normal) adolescents. Findings were interpreted in terms of more socio-psychological and environmental factors.
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Role of emotional intelligence in career maturity of adolescence
Page 92-94
Vibha Rani Sahu and Neha Singh Thakur Department of Psychology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur andUshakiran Agrawal Govt. D. B. Girls P. G. College, Raipur, Chhatisgarh

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The present study was designed to examine the role of emotional intelligence in career maturity of adolescent. The sample of the present study included 100 subjects (50 male & 50 female) students of X class are included. Subjects were administered Career maturity Inventory developed by Gupta (1971) and Hindi version of emotional intelligence scale by Mishra (2000). One way MANOVA was used for the data analysis. Results revealed that emotional intelligence significantly affects the career maturity of adolescent.
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Sunil Saini, PhD
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suneil.psy@gmail.com

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