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ISSN 2229-5356
Impact Factor 2012 = 0.47
Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing
copyright 2011 IAHRW . All Rights Reserved
Volume - 7 (2016), Issue - 10
Editor - Sunil Saini.PhD
About this Journal

Aftermath and distress of earthquake in Lucknow
Page 949-951
Anju Nagaur and Pallavi Bhatnagar, Department Psychology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

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Earthquake is most unpredictable and destructive natural disaster. It causes damage to infrastructure, settlements, transport and communication networks as well as loss of life and leaves people shattered and distressed. On 25 April 2015 earthquake tremors jolted the city of Lucknow at the intensity of 7.1 Richter scale, leaving the people shocked and compel to stand in open places for hours. The present study attempts to explore the understanding of earthquake and the amount of psychological distress it causes. A random sample of 90 residents in three age groups from the multistory buildings, and crowded areas of Lucknow served as the sample. They were assessed on Kessler Psychological Distress Scale and an interview schedule. The results found gender difference on psychological distress but no significant difference was found across the different age groups.
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Regular practice of yoga and psychological well-being among adults: A comparative study
Page 952-957
Dimpal Bhal and C. Gnanaprakash, Department of Psychology (PG), Jain University, Bangalore, Karnataka

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The practice of various forms of yoga has many proven benefits for an individual's physical and psychological well-being from claiming mind to ease and improves quality of life. Yoga can increase physical and psychological relaxation, balanced emotional reactivity; improve concentration, academic performance, improved self-awareness, more energy, and positive outlook in life among heterosexual adults (University of Southern Mississippi, 2007). However, little is known about the beneficial effects of regular practice of yoga on self-concept and self-esteem in an individual. This manuscript is an attempt to assess the relationship among regular practices of any form of yoga, general health and psychological aspects (self-concept & self-esteem) among male and female adults practicing and not practicing yoga as regular exercise. The sample consists of 184 adults residing in Bangalore city, India (90 practicing yoga & 94 not practicing yoga) selected through purposive sampling, aged between 22-30 years. The instruments used for the study, General health questionnaire-12 (Goldberg, 1978), Self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and Self-concept questionnaire (Kumar, 2005). Findings conclude that there is difference across genders with respect to perceived benefits. However, there is a difference between yoga practicing and non-yoga practicing individuals, this difference are moderate.
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Study of peer influence among university students
Page 958-961
Harpreet Kaur, Department of Education Sewa Devi S.D. College of Education, Tarantaran, Punjab and Manpreet Kaur, Department of Education and Community Service, Punjabi University, Patiala

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The study examined peer influence among university students. The sample in the study was 198 university students were selected randomly. Peer influence scale prepared by (Singh, 2014) consisted of 40 items was used to find peer influence. The descriptive statistics (mean, median, mode & t-test) were used to analyse the data. The results revealed that there is no significant mean difference in peer influence in relation to hostellers and non-hostellers, locale and stream of study but significant gender mean difference was found in peer influence. The results of study revealed that there is significant interaction between gender & hostellers and non-hostellers on peer influence. On the basis of findings, it is suggested that there is a need to develop strong communication of parents with their children and parent-child relationship should be cordial enough to permit youths to discuss their problems with their parents.
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A study of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder prevalence, phenomenology and personality factors in college going students
Page 962-965
Chitra Singh and Jaishree Jain,Department of Psychiatry SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan,Kaptan Singh Clinical psychology IGNOU and Mahendra Jain and Ashok Chaudhary, Department of Psychiatry J.L.N Medical College, Ajmer, Rajasthan

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Premenstrual syndrome is a common disorder experienced by up to 50%-80% of women during reproductive age. The prevalence of severe form of PMS (PMDD) is 3 % to 8%. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) patients have resulted in significant morbidity. (1) To find out the prevalence and socio-demographic variables of PMDD in the college girls (APA, 1994). To study the Phenomenology and personality characteristic in the PMDD. A group of 300 female students of Nursing belonging to J.L.N. Nursing University, Ajmer, were screened for PMDD by Menstrual History Form and Screening Questionnaire and Menstrual Distress Questionnaire 'A' form [MDQ-A form by Moos]. Out of the 300 students 24 Students, who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for PMDD (DSM-IV TR criteria) formed the experimental Group. Out of the remaining 276 students, 24 Students matched on socio demographic variable with the Experimental group formed the control group. Both the groups were subjected to Eysenck personality inventory (EPI). Prevalence of PMDD in college going girls is 8%. The most common physical and psychological symptoms were fatigability, decrease interest in usual activities respectively. PMDD patients were having significantly higher scores on Neuroticism scale on EPI.
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To compare the effect of different time ratio of heat and cold in contrast bath on clinical improvement in plantar fascitis
Page 966-969
Dhruv Sharma and Kuljit Kumar, Department of Orthopedics, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana, Laxmi Sharma, Department of Physiotherapy Holy Family Hospital, New Delhi and Neha Yadav, Department of Dermatology ESIC PGIMER Basaidarapur, New Delhi

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Contrast bath is commonly used therapy in plantar fascitis. However there is no standard regimen followed as to the order and time ratio of hot and cold fomentation. This study was conducted to establish a standard hot: cold fomentation ratio to achieve maximum efficacy of contrast bath in plantar fascitis. 75 patients of plantar fasciitis were equally divided into three groups, A: 3 cycles of alternate 3 minutes hot fomentation and 1 minute of cold fomentation, B: hot fomentation for 3 minutes followed by 1 minute cold fomentation followed by a sustained 12 minutes of hot fomentation and C: cold fomentation for 5 minutes followed by 21/2 minutes of hot and again 5 minutes cold fomentation. Thrice daily regimen was followed. VAS score was used to note the initial pain, pain relief at 1 week and 1 month. The mean pain value in group A was 7.52±1.27 SD on initial evaluation, was 6.32±1.31 SD at 1 week and 2.8±1.42 SD at 1 month. Respective values in group B was 6.8±1.37 SD, 5.8±1.25 SD and 2.6±1.31 SD and in group C was 7.81±1.43 SD, 6.37±1.09 SD and 3.1±1.49 SD. In plantar fascitis, only temperature fluctuations at subcutaneous level are required to bring a local pumping effect. This needs only alternation of hot and cold fomentation, the order of fomentation and time duration of each cycle is not specific. No time ratio is superior to another.
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A comparative profile of orthopaedically challenged and non-challenged adolescents on emotional intelligence
Page 970-972
Nehashree Srivastava, Department of Psychology National P.G College, Lucknow and Madhurima Pradhan, Department of Psychology University of Lucknow, Lucknow

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India the largest democracy and second most populous country in the world has millions of disabled people. According to Census of India, 2011 approximately 20.3% disability is due to movement, which is higher than all disabilities. The researcher decided to work on adolescents especially who have difficulty in movement. If the person is adolescent and orthopedically challenged too, then the problems related to different areas like personal, social, emotional and vocational etc. become more complex. Such pressures may result in withdrawal, complete destruction of self, mental illnesses, drug abuse or enormous hostility etc. “Emotional intelligence refers to the capacity of recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves and for managing emotion well in us and in our relationships” (Goleman, 1998).The purpose of this study is to compare the profile of orthopedically challenged and non-challenged adolescents on emotional intelligence and its various dimensions. The study was conducted on 120 orthopaedically challenged and 120 non-challenged adolescents (11-18 years) from different rural/urban area of Uttar Pradesh. Hindi version of the emotional intelligence scale for adolescents (Sharma, 2011) was used to assess emotional intelligence having five dimensions, i.e., self-awareness, managing emotions, self-motivation, empathy, handling relationship. The results shows that on the basis of profile analysis there is a average difference among orthopaedically challenged and non-challenged adolescents on emotional intelligence and its dimensions.
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Body image, self-esteem and psychological well-being of aged: A correlational study
Page 973-975
Manasvee Dubey and O. P. Sharma , Department of Psychology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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The present study is examine the relationship between body image and self-Esteem and Psychological well-being among old age. The sample comprise 200 old age people between age group 65 years and above in Jaipur Rural and Urban Areas(Rajasthan).. The participants were administered the body image scale by Chouhan and Surana, Verma and Verma (1989), General Well-being Scale was used to assess well-being, Self-esteem Scale by Prasad and Thakur (1977) was used to assess self-esteem. Statistical analysis included Mean, SD, coefficient correlation (Product moment correlation). The finding reveled that there is a significant negative correlation between Body image and Self Esteem and significant positive correlation between Body Image and Psychological Well-being among old age people.
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Bullying behavior among school students: A review
Page 976-981
Sheema Aleem, Department of Psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

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Bullying is a universal phenomenon with devastating consequences for the victim and the society at large. Bullying takes many forms and mechanisms. Various explanations have been offered on why children and young persons, particularly those in schools and colleges bully. The review looks into the various causal factors as well as its overwhelming impact on the victim. It also examines the new ways of bullying including ebullying and cybervictimisationthat are becoming rampant.
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Well-being: Exploring its meaning at workplace
Page 982-987
Neelika Arora and Pallavi Bhagat, Department of HRM and OB, Central University of Jammu, Jammu

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Well being is a slippery idea, however a captivating part of our lives, one that the majority of us take a stab at in consistently in our life and which empowers us to thrive if accomplished. Well being is a concept that is used to describe the quality of lives. Well being has been used synonymously for the terms like “happiness”, “quality of life” and life satisfaction. Well being has become a very extensively used topic in scholarly writings. It covers “physical, social, mental and emotional” aspects . It gained the interest of researchers and scholars due to some reasons like the experiences of employees at work have some impact on the employees; employees deficient in well being can lead to absenteeism, low performance, lowering of decision making capacity. This paper aims to track the emergence of well being at workplace.
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Suicidal ideation and domestic violence among women
Page 988-991
Priyamvada Tiwari, Department of Psychology Sri Agrasen Kanya P.G. College, Varanasi and Madhu Asthana Rtd. Principal, Sri Agrasen Kanya P.G. College, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

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Present study aimed to find out relationship between suicidal ideation and domestic violence among women. Purposive sample consisted of 300 women aged 25 years to 55 yrs. from Varanasi (urban & rural) district. Tools used included the Suicidal Ideation Scale (SIS) by Singh (2015) and Domestic Violence Check-List by Pandey (2012). Significant positive correlations were found between SIS scores and various dimensions of domestic violence. Values of obtained r were .247, .271, .265, .284 and .259 for Physical, Sexual, Psychological, Economical abuse and Total Domestic Violence respectively with Suicidal Ideation The results reveal that domestic violence is a strong predictor of suicidal ideation among women.
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A comparative study of psychological well-being of school students of Punjab state
Page 992-996
Amritpal Kaur, Department of Psychology, Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh and Agyajit Singh Ex-HOD, Department of Psychology Punjabi University, Patiala

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The present study examined psychological well-being among male and female; rural and urban as well as government and private school students of Punjab state. For this purpose, a sample of 400 students were selected randomly; out of which 200 were male students (100 rural & 100 urban) and 200 female students (again 100 rural & 100 urban school students) 50% of subjects were from government schools and 50% were from private schools. The results of present study reveal that there were significant differences between male and female; among rural and urban as well as among government and private school students.
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Internet usage, depression, social isolation and loneliness amongst adolescents
Page 997-1004
Avantika Puri and Ritu Sharma AIPS, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh

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Recent studies of Internet influence on behavioral disorders of its users have created quite a polarized ambience. On the one hand, there are those who believe that the Internet is a new better medium for enabling various patterns of communication and social relations. On the other hand, others maintain that Internet use can lead to social isolation and other forms of psychological disorders, like depression and loneliness. Internet is expected to become a basic form of social interaction in the near future, and consequently one of the major factors of socialization and constitution of one's psychological identity. Due to that fact, the aim of this work is to indicate methodological and conceptual flaws of the studies which have attempted to make a connection between mood disorders and the Internet, so as to establish the base for future studies of the psychological consequences of Internet development. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between internet addiction and depression, loneliness, and social isolation. Participants were 100 senior secondary students in the age group 16-18 years (50 Males & 50 Females) who were enrolled in High School in and around South Delhi, in India. In this study, three hypothesis were formulated and tested using Pearson`s Correlation method, t-test and multiple regression. Tests like the Internet Addiction Test, UCLA, Beck Depression Inventory and Social Isolation Scale were used. The study found internet addiction was positively related to depression, loneliness and social isolation. However there was no gender difference observed in the present study related to internet addiction, depression, loneliness and social isolation. The conclusion is that increased internet usage results in psychological problems like depression, social isolation and loneliness amongst adolescents. It is recommended thus that the usage of internet should be limited by the adolescents so as to prevent psychological symptoms to take fo
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Identifying spiritual coping strategies in persons living with HIV/AIDS
Page 1005-1008
Fauzia Khatoon, Department of Psychology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

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Human being have the potential to develop their life project which can be affected by the experience of chronic disease, where spirituality and the coping process emerge as a human expression in search of balance or improving quality of life perspective. Spirituality provides an important function of helping people to find meaning and purpose in their lives. Various researches finding support the use of spiritual coping with HIV/AIDS.The present study explores spiritual coping strategies among male and female persons living with HIV/AIDS. The spiritual coping scale developed by Husain and Khatoon (2016) was administered to a sample of 25male and 25 female persons living with HIV/AIDS.The objective of this study was to identify coping strategies among persons living with HIV/AIDS and to examine differences between males and females HIV/AIDS persons on each item of spiritual coping scale(SCS). Results revealed that significant difference were found between the mean scores of male and female persons living with HIV/AIDS on items: I ask others to pray for me,I am doing yoga sanas, I work together with God to relieve me from worries, I do self-forgiveness exercise on Spiritual Coping Scale.
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A study of well-being among migrants and non-migrants of Jammu and Kashmir in relation to their coping and personality
Page 1009-1013
Vinod Kumar Bhardwaj, Department of Psychology, Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana

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The movement by the people from one place to another with the intention to settle down temporary or permanently in the new location is called human migration. The present study is an attempt to make a comparative analysis of well-being, personality, and coping in migrants and non migrants. For this purpose a sample of 100 migrants who were the original residents of Kashmir but after forced migration moves towards various migrant camps in Jammu and 100 non migrants original residents of Jammu have been taken. Friedman well-being scale, Neo-FFI, and way of coping (Lazarus) were used the measure the above variables. Descriptive statistic (mean; standard deviations) t- ratios and Discriminant function analysis were computed to compare the two groups in terms of significance of mean differences. Results clearly shows that there are significant differences in well- being, personality and coping of migrants and non- migrants.
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An analysis of diabetes distress among type-2 diabetics
Page 1014-1017
Supriya Sioni and Kamayani Mathur, Department of Psychology, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

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Diabetes Mellitus(DM) is a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both (WHO,1999). Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as "non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM). Distress is a term which describes a range of symptoms and experiences of an inner life of a person which leads to troubles, confusions and abnormalities. Diabetes is a demanding disease with a major effect on the quality of life of patients and their families. Diabetes Distress (DD) refers to the unique, often hidden emotional burdens and worries that are part of the spectrum of patient experience when managing a severe, demanding chronic disease like diabetes. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between DD and type 2 diabetics in relation to exercise and gender. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample of 140 type 2 diabetics equally divided gender wise and as per the exercise they do. The sample was selected from various hospitals of Ahmedabad city aged between 30-70 years. Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) was administered to the patients. The results were statistically analysed using two-way analysis of variance (anova). The findings revealed that DD was found to be more in diabetics who didn't exercise than those who did regular exercise. Type 2 diabetics had higher score on DD than male diabetics.
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Emotional maturity and health: A correlational study
Page 1018-1021
Ranjana, Department of Psychology, Kurukshetra Universit, Kurukshetra, Haryana

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Emotions are great motivating forces throughout the span of human life; affecting aspirations, actions and thoughts of an individual and one requires a higher emotional maturity to lead a happy and effective life. It is very important to study the emotional aspects of adolescents as they lead their normal lives. The current study was planned to analyze the relationship between emotional maturity and general health factors. The sample consists of 144 adolescents studying in class XI and XII, taken from private schools in Haryana. 'Emotional maturity scale' (Yashvir Singh & Mahesh Bhargava 1984).was administered on the selected sample to assess emotional maturity and General health questionnaire (GHQ 60-Goldberg-1967), was used for measuring various health related dimensions of these adolescents. The data were analyzed by using Pearson's Product Moment correlation and stepwise regression analysis. The results showed that (i) Emotional instability, emotional regression, Social Maladjustment, personality disintegration and lack of independence, all the five dimensions of Emotional Maturity have significant positive correlations with sleep, social functioning. Anxiety and depression (ii) Stepwise regression analysis revealed two predictors of health i.e. Personality Disintegration and Emotional Instability.
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Mental health problems and self-management among people with type-2 diabetes
Page 1022-1024
Sadhna Yadav, Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

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The study under report was conducted to examine the relationship between mental health problems and self-management among people with Type 2 diabetes. The study was conducted on a sample of 62 people with type 2 diabetes with the age range of 40 to 60 years purposely drawn from Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Sir Sundarlal hospital, BHU, Varanasi (UP). The study was approved by the Ethical committee, IMS, BHU. The participants were administered the General Mental Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Diabetes Self-management Questionnaire (DSMQ). Results revealed that mental health problems correlate significantly and negatively with self-management. Results are thoroughly discussed and implications of this study are underlined.
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Relationship between emotional intelligence and personality among adolescents
Page 1025-1027
Rajesh Kumar, Department of Psychology, Government College, Behrampurm, Bapauli, Panipat, Haryana

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The present study was an attempt to investigate the relationship and significance of mean difference between emotional intelligence and personality among adolescents. The sample of 200 adolescents of IX and X classes with age range between 14 to 16 years who were administered psychological tests i.e. Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test (Schutte et al., 1998) and Personality Test, NEO-PI-R (Costa & McCrea, 1992). Product Moment Method was used to see the relationships between Emotional intelligence and personality. Results reveal that Emotional intelligence is significantly positive correlated with all five factors of personality except neuroticism. To see the significant mean difference, t- test was used. Result shows that Boys and Girls are significantly differ on emotional intelligence, and neuroticism, extra version and openness the measures of personality.
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Factorial validation of emotional intelligence scale
Page 1028-1029
Rashmi Rani, Department of Psychology, Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh and Pratibha Panday, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology IMS, BHU, Varanasi

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This study investigated the factorial validity of the 33-item self - rated Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS: Schutte et al., 1998). For this purpose 200 subjects (100 men & 100 women) were selected from Varanasi district. The factor analysis by using principal component analysis - loadings equal to or more than 0.400, Eigen value equal to 1.000, and by following Scree plot revealed single factor. The single factor consisted of 28 items (except item no 5, 21, 26, 28 & 33), explaining a total of 20.494 % of variance. The reliability index of single factor (SH = 0.792) emerged to be robust; suggesting the trustworthiness of the test scores for measurement purposes of the theoretical construct in the project population. The findings of the study have been discussed in the light of available literature.
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Psychological well-being of elderly parents living with children and in empty nest families: Gender differentials
Page 1030-1033
Samreet Kaur and Jatinder Kaur Gulati, Department of Human Development Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana and Sonreet Kaur School of Bussiness Studies Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana

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This study entitled aimed to assess the “Gender differences in psychological well being of elderly parents living in two different settings i.e. those with children and in empty nest families. The sample included 60 elderly couples selected from middle income families of Ludhiana City . The results revealed that elderly women in both the settings were more prone to psychological problems than elderly men. However, the problems were more severe among elderly in empty nest families than those living with children. The elderly mothers in empty nests suffered from all types of psychological problems at significantly higher rate as compared to those living in full nest, except sensitivity. However, sensitivity was found to be the major problem in women but it was equally highest in both the settings. It shows that psychological health of mothers was more affected by their children leaving the home as compared to the fathers.
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Aggression and impulsivity among adolescents: A review
Page 1034-1036
Jagbir Mann, Department of Psychology Singhania University, Rajasthan and V.N. Yadav, Department of Psychology Government PG College, Bhiwani, Haryana

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Aggression is the intentional harming of another characterized by verbal or physical attack. It may be driven by emotional arousal or it may be instrumental to secure a goal action intended to harm someone. Aggression is the leading cause of violence, rape, murder and terrorism in today's society particularly among youth. There are a number of factors that affect the development of aggression. These may include the prenatal and postnatal factors. The present paper reviews on different forms of aggression and impulsivity.
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क्षमा की उपयोगिता एवं शारीरिक व मानसिक स्वास्थ्य
Page 1037-1039
शोएब हसन व तन्वांगी मणि त्रिपाठी दी.द.उ. गोरखपुर विश्वविदयालय, गोरखपुर

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सदियों से क्षमा को एक, धार्मिक, दार्शनिक और व्यक्तिगत पहलू से अपने भावात्मक, संज्ञानात्मक, व्यवहारात्मक, नैतिक और सांस्कृतिक सुविधाओं के संबंध में विचार-विमर्श किया जाता रहा है । आधुनिक मनोवैज्ञानिक साहित्य में इस पर व्यापक शोध कार्य हो रहा है । वर्तमान समय की यह मांग है कि हम न केवल व्यक्तियों, समुदायों बल्कि राष्ट्रों को भी क्षमा रूपी मूल्य से अवगत कराएं, बल्कि इसके उपयोग पर भी बल दें ।अतरू प्रस्तुत शोध-पत्र में क्षमा की उपयोगिता, तथा उससे होने वाले शारीरिक व मानसिक लाभ से परिचित कराने का प्रयास किया गया है ।प्रासंगिक साहित्य की समीक्षा से उत्पन्न निष्कर्षों से यह पता चलता है कि हम क्षमा को सशक्त टूल के रूप में उपयोग कर न केवल अपने शारीरिक व मानसिक स्वास्थ्य की रक्षा कर सकते हैं, अपितु उसका विकास भी कर सकते हैं ।क्षमा के माध्यम से अनेक मानसिक स्वास्थ्य से सम्बंधित लाभों को प्राप्त किया जा सकता है ।
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Sunil Saini, PhD
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