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ISSN 2229-5356
Impact Factor 2012 = 0.47
Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing
copyright 2011 IAHRW . All Rights Reserved
Volume - 7 (2016), Issue - 3
Editor - Sunil Saini, PhD
About this Journal

A study on occupational stress and burnout among cardiologists: A cross-cultural perspective
Page 282-288
Hitesh Kumar B. Roz, Institute of Research and Development Raksha Shakti University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, Shreya Mondal Clinical Psychologist Kolkata, Priyanka Podder Clinical Psychologist University of Calcutta, Kolkatad and Dimpal T. Raval Department of Law, Raksha Shakti University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat

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With the current upsurge in stressful factors in everyday life, cardiac problems have increased at a rapid rate which in turn increases the burden of medical practitioners serving in this specific field. Research has focused little on the Occupational Stress and Burnout of Cardiologists. The aim of the current study is to explore the differences existing among Cardiologists belonging to eastern and western regions of India with respect to Occupational Stress and Burnout. The study further seeks to find out any differences existing among male and female Cardiologists belonging to eastern and western regions of India with respect to Occupational Stress and Burnout. It also seeks to probe into any differences existing among Cardiologist belonging to eastern and western regions of India with respect to the aforesaid variables on the basis of presence or absence of psychiatric morbidity in them. Using General Health Questionnaire a total sample of 180 Cardiologists was screened on Psychiatric Morbidity after they met the selection criteria. The sample was divided into two groups based on eastern and western region of India. These groups were further divided on the basis of their gender and Psychiatric morbidity sample were selected on the basis there consent and inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were assessed using the Occupational Stress Index and the Burnout Inventory. Results revealed that there are significant differences among cardiologists belonging to eastern and western regions of India with respect to role overload, role conflict, role ambiguity, and responsibility to persons, low status, unreasonable group and political pressure, unprofitability, strenuous working condition that contributes to high occupational stress in them. It further reveals that there are also significant difference existing among cardiologists belonging to eastern and western region of India with respect to distancing, neglecting, non-accomplishment, friction, emotional exhaustion an
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Psychological well-being: A comparative study of tribal and non-tribal college students
Page 289-295
Pankaj Suvera, Department of Psychology, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of Types of students, sex and types of faculty of the college students on Psychological well-being. The sample for the study comprised of 120 Tribal and 120 Non-Tribal college students from Arravalli and Sabarkantha District. Tribal and Non-Tribal college students were selected from various Arts and Science college in Arravalli and Sabarkantha. Personal data sheet and Bhogle and Jay Prakash (1995), Psychological well-being scale, Gujarati Translated by Suvera (2001) were used to collect the required data. 2x2x2 factorial design was planned where types of students, sex and types of faculty were considered as independent variables and Psychological well-being as dependent variables. Accordingly, 2x2x2 ANOVA was carried out to test the hypothesis. Results revealed significant difference between Tribal and Non-Tribal College students on Psychological well-being. The non-tribal college student's psychological well-being is batter then the tribal college students. The male college student's psychological well-being is batter then the female college students. The Science college student's psychological well-being is batter then the Arts college students. The interaction effects (A x B), (A x C), (B x C) and (A x B x C) are not significant.
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The relationship of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress with posttraumatic growth: Linear or curvilinear
Page 296-301
Rayees Mohammad Bhat and B. Rangaiah Department of Applied Psychology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry

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Regular exposure to conflicts does have negative repercussions but people do adapt and report posttraumatic growth to mitigate their impact. Post traumatic growth is a challenging area and requires attention especially in conflict prone areas. This cross-sectional study comprised of 797 Kashmiri young adults between 18 years to 24 years of age who have been exposed to stressful life experiences regarding prolonged armed-conflict in Kashmir. The study explored the association of PTG with PTSD and trauma exposure, and whether the relationship of PTG with Trauma Exposure and PTSD symptoms were linear or curvilinear. Exposure to Kashmir Conflict Checklist, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) were used to assess trauma exposure, posttraumatic growth and PTSD symptomology respectively. The results found a curvilinear relationship between trauma exposure and PTG (β = -.39), whereas linear relationship was found between PTSD and PTG (β= -.17) with high PTSD scores associated with higher PTG scores. Older age was also associated with PTG (β= .10). The study found that both growth and negative symptoms can co-occur simultaneously. So, it becomes necessary to address both positive and negative symptoms when assessing and treating the traumatized population exposed to conflict like situation.
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Corelation of learning disability and school refusal
Page 302-307
Anjali Edbor, Pankaj Singh, Sambanthan Athithan, Richa Singh, Shyam Kartikey Diwedi NKP Salve Institute of Medical Sciences, Digdoh Hills, Nagpur, Maharashtra

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The present paper is an attempt to examine adolescent attitude towards school satisfaction. It also studies the gender difference and problem areas. Sample for the study includes 112 students (56 adolescent boys, and adolescent girls) between the age group of 11-15 years, at different schools from Nagpur. The data were analyzed with the help of compared “t” test, an analysis of variance showed a Mean of Adolescent boy's school satisfaction 65.78, and adolescent girls Mean 79.78, and t-value is -6.536, significant at 0.05 levels. An analysis of other (Conners 3™ Self Report Short questionnaires) a Mean of Adolescent boys is 46.73, and adolescent girls Mean 37.19 and t-value is 9.630, significant at 0.05 level. Based on study, there is a new emphasis not only on arranging the learning environment or school satisfaction, but also on the prevention of many learning and behavior problem that stem from an ill- considered learning environment and school satisfaction, too many students with learning and attention problem are refusing or failing- not because of their own inadequacies but because an inconsiderate learning environment and school satisfaction makes learning difficult for them.
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Perceived stress and happiness of women suffering from arthritis and diabetes
Page 308-310
Niharika Arora and Anuradha Sharma Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh

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Diabetes and Arthritis are rapidly rising globally and the relation of psychosocial stress and happiness to diabetes and arthritis is not well investigated. Assessing from a denser perspective, women with arthritis and diabetes encounter numerous challenges in their life such as lack of sleep, pain, getting easily tiredand stress. Therefore women with arthritis and diabetes are prone to depression, anxiety and other mental problems. The present study aims to assess the perceived stress and happiness of women suffering from Arthritis and Diabetes.A sample of 80 women was taken up for the survey consisting of 40 women suffering from arthritis and 40 women suffering from diabetes. They were given Oxford Happiness Questionnaire and Perceived Stress Scale to assess their level of happiness and perceived stress respectively.The results indicated that there is a significant relationship between stress and happiness among women suffering from diabetes and women suffering from arthritis. A significant negative correlation was found between happiness and perceived stress among women with diabetes and arthritis. Thus stress perceived in women with Arthritis was found more than women with Diabetes and level of Happiness was found low in women with Arthritis than Women with Diabetes.
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Ability of the individual to sort information from his or her environment and selectively react to this information as function of ABO blood groups
Page 311-314
Mahendra Balasaheb Patil Department of Psychology, V.P.S.P.M.S. Arts, Comm., & Sci College, Kannad, Tq. Kannad, Aurangabad

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The tendency to think about behaviour in a simple way is illustrated by two kinds of questions that people commonly ask about behaviour: 1) Is it physiological or is it psychological? 2) Is it inherited or is it learned? Though these questions have no specific answer, they are among the most common question asked in biopsychology classroom. Just due to curiosity of biological view of behaviour the study was undertaken to see whether the ability of the individual to sort information from his or her environment and selectively react to this information were influenced by such important variables as ABO Blood Groups. Thus the sample of study was taken from the population of the Aurangabad District, Maharashtra. The effective sample consists of 200 mature persons who know their blood groups and their age range were 25-45, which were classified equally in four Blood Groups i.e. A, B, AB, and O. The sampling was stratified (a type of probability sampling). To determine ability of the individual to separate the word and colour naming stimuli Stroop Colour and Word was used. The result partially support to the hypothesis stating that “There would be significant difference among ABO Blood Groups on Stroop Colour Word Interference Score.
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Cognitive behavioural perspective for addressing faulty thinking patterns among bullies and victims
Page 315-318
Ann Joma Job and Sherin P. Antony Department of Psychology, Jain University, Bengaluru

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The study aimed at addressing the faulty thinking patterns among bullies and victims. For the purpose of the study 16 high school students between the age range of 13-16 years were selected using purposive sampling. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) was administered on bullies and victims to find out any episodes of emotional distress and a semi-structured interview was chosen to explore the personal experiences of bullies and victims. Results revealed that seven of the participants had emotional distress. The cognitive distortions of minimization, labeling, all/none thinking, discounting the positives and incongruence of experience and expression might have led to the emotional distress in them.
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A study of psychological correlates in leprosy patients of Agra and Kanpur district
Page 319-322
AK Yaduvanshi, Department of Psychology St. John's College, Agra, A Abraham Department of Psychology Scottish Church College, Kolkata, S Jain Department of Statistics and Computer Science, St. John's College, Agra, and S Tomar Anti Retroviral Therapy Centre S.N. Medical College, Agra

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Among several factors of depression chronic illness or fatal disease is one, especially when it results in physical deformity or early death and of which leprosy refers to the former. Ignorance about the disease and social value about the disease can at once land a person in depression on utterance of the diagnosis. A psychological study was carried out on 300 leprosy patients with an aim to study depression and Anxiety in them. The sample comprised of male and female leprosy patients aged between 18 to 60 years, selected from Government O.P.D's from Agra and Kanpur district by using purposive sample technique. Depression was measured with the help of “Depression Scale” by S.E. Krug and J.E. Laughlin and Anxiety was measured IPAT Anxiety scale by Samuel E. Krug and R.B. Cattle. The data was statistically analyzed using Chi-square test and t-test. of these, 33% of the male and 46% of the female leprosy patients were suffering from depression and 20.66% of the male leprosy patients and 16.00% of the female leprosy patients were suffering from depression with anxiety (mixed disorder).The results revealed that female leprosy patients had significantly more depression than male leprosy patients. The study suggested that there is need of regular psychological counseling and follow up of leprosy patients in the existing health care facilities.
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Psychological capital in relation to stress among university students
Page 323-326
Jagpreet Kaur and Khushgeet Kaur Sandhu Department of Education & Community Service, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab

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The study focused on exploring psychological capital among university students and its relation to stress. The data were collected from 200 students of Punjabi University, Patiala through Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) and Personal Stress Source Inventory (PSSI). The result of the study revealed significant gender differences in psychological capital among university students. Female university students were found to possess significantly higher level of psychological capital than their male counterparts. The results also revealed significant stream-wise differences in psychological capital among university students. University students pursuing arts stream were found to possess significantly higher level of psychological capital than their science and professional counterparts, respectively and university students pursuing professional stream were found to possess significantly higher level of psychological capital than there science counterparts. The results of correlation analysis revealed negative relationship between psychological capital and stress among university students, though not significantly so. These results of the study have implications for counsellors, teachers and parents.
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Investigating the relationship between self-regulation and spiritual intelligence of higher secondary school students
Page 327-329
Hilal Bashir and Liyaqat Bashir Department of Education, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab

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The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship of spiritual intelligence with spiritual intelligence and find out significant difference on spiritual intelligence and self-regulation among higher secondary school students. The methodology adopted involves descriptive survey method and involves research instruments and statistical analysis to arrive at the results. The results of the study revealed that significant difference was not found between urban and rural students on self-regulation. Significant difference was found between urban and rural students on spiritual intelligence. Finally significant relationship was found between self-regulation and spiritual intelligence of higher secondary school students.
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A psychological study in the deprived child: Basic causes of deprivation and it effects
Page 330-333
Gaukaran Janghel Aakanscha College of Special Education Raipur, Chhattisgarh and Meeta Mukherjee Department of Special Education (MR), Aakanksha College of Special Education, Raipur, Chhattisgarh

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The present study was examined that the basic causes of the deprivation and its effects. The 46 children's were selected in the different slum areas of the Raipur city, in the capital of Chhattisgarh. The survey type research design was use in the present study and the regression analysis was computed in the data treatment. Finding of the result of the study were indicated that the basic causes of the deprivation, the factors was associated in the deprivation was positively such as factors namely- parents occupation (sig. level 0.000), family environment (0.000), available facilities of home (0.022), motivation (0.000), personal factor of child (0.037), family and other factor such as caring the elder brother and sister (0.028), family and other factor sharing in the working with parents (0.011), and other child disturbance (0.020). Finding of the study evidence that some family, environmental and economical factors were highlighted in the deprivation of child.
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Emotional intelligence and stress among college students
Page 334-336
Prerna Puri, Tejinder Kaur and Kiran Yadav Department of Psychology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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Most of the social, psychological and emotional problems are related to unrelieved stress. If there is stress beyond the optimal level it can hamper the functioning of the individual. Identifying unrelieved stress and being aware of its effect on our lives is not sufficient for reducing its harmful effects. Just as there are many sources of stress, there are many possibilities for its management.The present study was undertaken to find out the correlation of stress and emotional intelligence among college going girls.A sample of 300 students was taken from a college of Jaipur city. They were administered Stress scale by Puri et al. and Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory. The total score of emotional intelligence is negatively significantly correlated with all the factors of stress as well as overall stress score.People who are emotionally intelligent are in control of their emotions and their behaviour. Hence the level of stress would be naturally less in people with high emotional intelligence.
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Personality characteristics, adjustment and coping between drug addicts and non-addicts: A psychosocial perspective
Page 337-341
Gagandeep Kaur Clinical Psychologist, Government Medical College & Hospital, Sector- 32B, Chandigarh and Vikas Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Mental Health Care Centre, Sector-14, Faridabad

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Drug addiction is not an accidental process. Individual factors plays a pivotal role in dependence i.e., who will and who will not become addicted. It is found that even in highly prevalent areas there are individuals who are exposed to drug use, and with the help of will, strength of character or force of personality reject all contact with narcotic drugs. Personality factors, ones individual mechanism and family factors i.e. adjustment are determinants in the use of substance. Thus a need was felt to enhance the body of knowledge regarding personality characteristics, adjustment and coping processes in person with substance addicts. And our study is a first attempt with the aim to study the personality characteristics, adjustment and coping processes in person with substance addicts. Method: In the present study, a sample 100 male subjects (50 drug addicts and 50 non-addicts) were selected. Drug addict group matched with non addict on age, socio-economic status and educational level. The analysis included Independent sample t-test on Neuroticism scale questionnaire, Global adjustment scale and Ways of coping questionnaire scores between drug addicts and non addicts. Results: Results indicated that the mean scores of drug addicts were significantly high on submissiveness (p < 0.01), anxiety (p < 0.01) and overall neuroticism (p < 0.01). When different domains of adjustment compared our results revealed that drug addicts had significantly higher score on all the indices of adjustment such as emotional (p < 0.01), social (p < 0.01), health (p < 0.01) and family (p < 0.01). Finally when different domains of coping processes compared it was found that drug addicts scored significantly higher on distancing (p < 0.01), self controlling (p < 0.01), escape avoidance (p < 0.01), planful problem solving (p < 0.01) and positive reappraisal (p < 0.01). Conclusion: In conclusion our findings fit into the life process model of drug addiction, where addiction is not a disease bu
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Adjustment among adolescents living with families and in orphanages: A comparative study
Page 342-345
Hardeep Kaur and Arashmeet Chawla Department of Social Work, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab

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Adjustment is a lifelong and a dynamic process which is also described as an interaction between individuals with the environment they live in. It includes the behavior's that allow people to meet the demands of the environment Adjustment means suitable adaptation of human beings to the demands of their day-to-day life. Adolescence is a turbulent phase of life with disagreements and mood swings which may be related to the issue of not being able to fall in the adult age group or an impulse to experience adventure. Adolescents, who have strong emotional ties with their families, are aware of the presence of their families who can support them at all times, are affected lesser by the problems. This results in a feeling of security and thus reduces their concerns related to life. However the adolescents who are deprived of family environment, may experience various concerns and fears, and even their self concept may be affected adversely. Thus the adjustment among the school going adolescents living with families and the ones living in orphanages may vary. A total of 60 school going adolescents i.e thirty each from the ones living with families and orphanages were taken up as a sample for this study. In each group there were fifteen adolescent girls and fifteen adolescent boys. This paper outlines the social, emotional and educational adjustment among the school going adolescents with families and orphanages. It also explore the gender differences in the social, emotional and educational adjustments in the two groups. The data was analyzed using both descriptive (means and standard deviation) and inherency method (t- tests). The results showed that there were significant differences in the social and educational adjustment of adolescent girls living with families and orphanages. Significant gender differences were found in social and educational adjustment among only the adolescents living with families.
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Self-concept in pregnancy: An exploratory study
Page 346-348
Anjana Bhattacharjee and Nabanita Banik Department of Psychology, Tripura University, Tripura

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The objective of the present study was to determine the self-concept among pregnant and non pregnant women of Tripura, a North Eastern State of India. The study was also intended to ascertain self-concept of pregnant women of first trimester and third trimester. It was carried out among 120 pregnant women. A matched group of non pregnant women (N=120) was also selected to fulfil the objective of the study (Total N=240). All the respondents were selected following purposive sampling techniques from three districts (West, Gomati and South Tripura District) out of eight districts of Tripura. Data was collected by using Basic Information Schedule and Self Concept Scale. The analysis of data revealed significant difference between pregnant and non pregnant women with respect to their self concept. Further results found significant difference in the self-concept among pregnant women of first trimester and third trimester of pregnancy.
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Management of aggression and victimization among formative year's school children
Page 349-352
Rajesh Ganesan and Moon Banerjee Department of Psychology, Tripura University (A Central University), Tripura West

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The aim of the present study is to manage Aggression and Victimization among the formative year's school children. Based on the purposive sampling technique 40 school children were selected from Bijoy Kumar H.S School from Agartala town. Their age ranged from 13-15 years. The Aggression and Victimization level of school children were measured by using Aggression and Victimization scales. Then intervention techniques were administered to the school children for a period of 2 weeks .After the completion of 2 weeks, the level of aggression and victimization were again assessed. Results indicated that there is reduction in the level of aggression and victimization among the school children.
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Personality characteristics of alcoholics and drug addicts versus non-alcoholics & non-drug addicts: A comparative study
Page 353-356
Kiran Maheshwari, Department of Psychology MJRP University, Jaipur and Desh Bandhu Sharma Pacific university Udaipur

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The present study is a comparative study of personality type of alcoholics and drug addicts and personality type of non-alcoholics and non drug addicts. In order to test the hypotheses, samples on addicts and no-addicts are collected from various rehabilitation centres & hospitals with psychiatric setup along with de -addiction centers in Rajasthan. Samples were restricted to only male. For the analysis purpose, mean, t-test has been used. For measuring personality type, Eysenck personality questionnaire has been used. Psychoticism and Neuroticism found to be significantly higher in alcoholics and drug addicts as compared to non alcoholics and non drug addicts. Further, extraversion found to be significantly lower in alcoholics and drug addicts as compared to non alcoholics and non drug addicts.
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Topographical study of menisco-femoral ligament in human knee joint in north Indian population
Page 357-359
Ghalawat N, Rathee SK and Malik VS Pt. B. D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana

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Present study was planned to study the incidence of menisco-femoral ligament. The study was conducted on 30 knee joints of human cadavers in department of Anatomy Pt. B. D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences Rohtak. Menisco-femoral ligament was seen in all the knees, but it was only posterior menisco-femoral ligament in both the sex, no anterior menisco-femoral ligament was seen in either sex.
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Is marriage essential for good physical and mental health of women?
Page 359-362
Manpreet Ola and Roopa Mathur Department of Psychology, The IIS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan

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Many research studies have shown that marriage is the central relationship for most adults and has wide range of beneficial effects for mental and physical health. We draw the judgment, after looking across many journals and disciplines, that there is persuasive longitudinal evidence for such effects specifically for men, but for women instead of marriage, it's the quality of marriage that has beneficial effects for physical and psychological health. Satisfying marriages seem to enhance both men's and women's health, but stressful marriages may have detrimental effects. Instead stressful marriages also may be less healthy for some people than being single; hence this paper examines an accumulating modern literature on the health benefits of marital relationships and also effects of marital quality on women's health.
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A comparative study of sexual crimes against working and homely women
Page 363-366
Safia Akhtar, Department of Psychology, Kolhan University, Chaibasa, Jharkhand

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Sexual crimes against women are on the rise. Sexual harassment is abusive, uninvited and unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature, typically in the work place, which may include bullying or the inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors. These (working and homely) women face many risks, Including physical violence and rape, both in their work and when trying to negotiate Safer-sex practices. It can be verbal or physical, and it is often perpetrated by a person in a position of authority against a subordinate. The crimes are widely prevalent in every society, though most of them remain undetected and unreported. In India, sexual harassment, molestation and rape of women are common. Most of these sexual crimes are being committed by relatives and close acquaintances of the victim. Sexual crimes against psychiatric patients are also increasingly being reported. There is need to increase the public awareness and speedily implement the existing laws to curb this rising menace. Awareness must be created in the community to motivate the victims to report; also more and more reporting centers (in community with NGO's or hospitals) must be opened to overcome the fear and lack of faith in the law-enforcing agencies. The available literature has provided insights into the problem and revealed promising intervention strategies for the remediation of the situation, suggesting that sexual crimes against women can still stop or decries if provided with the appropriate help.
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Effect of social support on mental health of adolescents with sickle cell anemia
Page 367-368
Deepti Dhurandher and Bansh Gopal Singh SOS in Psychology, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhatisgarh

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The study examined the effect of social support on mental health of adolescents with sickle cell anemia. The sample of the study consisted of 200 sickle cell anemic adolescents of Chhattisgarh state, coming from age group 12 to 18 yrs. Subjects of the study were selected from those enrolled in clinics in sickle cell anemic centers, schools and other counseling centers. Data was collected with the help of self made questionnaire of general well-being scale and social support scale. The result showed that regression analysis is significant, as the R Square Change obtained R2= .868, F (1,198) = 41.280, P<0.01, which indicates the strength of model. It is observed that emotional support contributes 17.3% variance and informational support contributes 3.2% variance in mental health of sickle cell anemic adolescents.
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